Pressure groups are seen as a way to promote democracy, because they add to the plurality of the UK. However, they can also be seen as undemocratic, due to the influence they may have over political parties and governmental policy. Ways in which pressure groups promote democracy in the UK are: they act as an education function, they also add to participation. Democracy is promoted, also, by the added representation they allow, and promotion of minority interests. However, they are seen as undemocratic due wealth influencing a pressure groups ability to pressure, disproportionate influence, and they are also not accountable - internal democracy.
The United Kingdom’s s uncodified constitution relies heavily on established conventions and trust in order to prevent widespread corruption. To some extent this type of constitution historically has served the UK well. However, due to increasing disillusion with politicians and their ethics. Which some claim to be the result of more transparency and a higher level of education. UK citizen are more informed and able to make analytical judgements in their best interest, this in turn, challenges the authority of the state to decide what is in our best interest.
There are many arguments as to why we should or shouldn’t have more referenda in the UK. Both arguments are fair and it is simply a matter of opinion. There are also many reasons as to why we should have more referenda in the UK. Referenda are a device of direct democracy, giving the public some decision-making of the country. This makes sure that the public’s views and interested are truly presented, rather than being distorted by politicians who want more people to support their party.
Whereas if the representatives were to vote on their behalf it may be based on their views and interest, having referendums prevents the government from making unpopular decisions. This will improve the UK’s democratic system as the views of the citizens are clearer and representative of citizens who are affected by the decision being made. However others argue that the general public is not educated enough to make these big decisions therefore it would lead to the wrong decisions being made which
Political parties are a crucial link between people and their government. Parties inform the people, and inspire and activate their public interest in affairs, using multiple techniques. They drive the campaign for their candidates, take stand on issues and point out cons of voting for the opposing candidates that the public may or may not have realized. Both political parties ( Republican and Democratic ) have very different stands on how they approach issues. This affects how each party chooses to inform the public, wanting people to agree with their point of view instead of the opposing party.
Social class is a large factor in the way people vote. It is still important but in a different way from the way it was in the past. There are now other factors as well, but social class still has a big influence in how we vote. In the 1997 election, 37% of the A and B social classes voted for the Conservatives and the lower classes voted for Labour. This was because the Conservatives were seen to have better policies for wealthier people.
In Elections there are a variety of leaders that offer many different viewpoints and ideas. Most people feel that there is a party that represents them well. This is an example of representative democracy as the citizens are electing representatives to the legislature in hopes of them making decisions on their behalf. If you like a party but there is a topic that you believe in that they are not covering, you are able to talk to them about it. You will be able to get an answer and hopefully a solution to your problem.
The benefit of having a multiparty system is that you have more variations in what candidates you can vote on, and what their views on political issues are. A multi-party system would create more transparency throughout the voting process and also it will possibly encourage voter participation because many situations where people refuse to vote is because they do not agree with the two major political party but with a third party system they can have their ideas represented nationally. The consequences of having a multi-party system consist of are limited because it gives more opportunities for people to vote for who they want but say the winner of the election receives plurality of votes and gets 34% of the vote, it leaves 2/3 of the rest of the population
But this led to despotism. Indeed the government that will follow the majority will disregard the opinions of the minorities. This is also an infringement of the freedom of thought which is included in democratic system. Moreover, this kind of tyranny is contradictory to the notion of equality because it made one opinion (the majority opinion) greater than another one (the minority’s opinion). In short, democracy society with the
It also provokes a sense of disenchantment and distrust in incompetent politicians, members of the elite and bureaucrats. On the other hand, there are other structures on public and private levels with a ‘bottom-up’ form, such as sport activities, families, leisure activities, neighbourhoods, youth culture, faith groups, local communities, ethnic fellowships and habitual ways of life. These structures are presumed to be more democratic and connected with society grassroots, but sometimes can be dominated as well by the leadership. Both national and local levels may provoke a sense of alienation and powerless in the excluded groups. The “British way of life”, namely how people act and live, is conformed in large part by the social structures in which they find themselves and how react to them: positively, negatively or apathetically.