However, Sun Yatsen was not in the country at the time the revolution started, implying that the Qing would’ve fallen anyway. An influential character of the revolution was Sun Yatsen, the leader of the tongmenghui. Sun was a nationalist revolutionary who believed that the only way China could refrain from being a backwards country was to adopt western ways in agriculture, industry and become a republic. Sun was educated abroad as a doctor in Hong Kong where he experienced the lifestyle of those who lived in the Western Society. However, by the time of his graduation, Sun believed that whilst the Manchu dynasty still existed, China would remain corrupt and backwards.
Mao Zedong was one of the most infamous dictators of the 20th century. His life was twisted and moulded by hatred and disdain for the oppressive Nationalist government he lived under. He swiftly became one of the most evil men to have ruled over the East. His misanthropic ways and voracity for power led to the death of 60 million Chinese citizens from 1949 - 1976. Mao adapted Communist ideas to China and he followed in Joseph Stalin’s footsteps by abusing his power and crippling the Chinese in fear with his totalitarian rule.
Additionally the conflict in Korea allowed the USA to demonstrate its military capabilities to the world, and help to increase UN credibility. However, despite US concession to accept containment as an accomplishment, North Korea remaining communist can be seen as an American failure. In 1950, the US made the decision to invade North Korea. This switch to rollback policy shows that their goals were higher than just containment. They were defeated by Chinese ‘dragon’ attacks, which in December 1950 caused the most humiliating retreat in US history, totalling 300 miles.
With the fall of the Qing Empire in China came the fall of thousands of years of imperial rule within the conquered nation. Also, with this fall in power, came the rising of the Warlords that ruled China until the Communist Party took control under the reign of Mao Zedong. Following the end of World War I, China was twisted into political mayhem where it seemed that no central government even existed; there were only the warlords. Among the hundreds of warlords, three rose to take significant power within China. Zhang Zoulin ruled over the region known as
How do geography, location, and movement play major roles in the spread of the Chinese theaters? Rao focused her points on San Francisco Chinatown of the 20s and early 30s, but this alone cannot account for the public face of Chinatown in its entirety across America. However, Rao’s article is a great place to start in this research since other works on different perspectives of Chinatown all point us back to San Francisco, California. As history provides, in the mid-1840's, following defeat by Britain in the first Opium War, a series of natural catastrophes occurred across China resulting in famine, peasant uprisings and rebellions. Understandably, when the news of gold and opportunity in far away Gum San, (Golden Mountain – the Chinese name for America) reached China, many Chinese seized the opportunity to seek their fortune, and a majority ended up on the coasts of California.
This is clearly observed through imperialism, which was the extension of control over people and territories, by forced submission through military superiority. As a result China was forced into an unequal relationship whereby they were forced to accept treaties, which reduced their sphere of influence and sovereignty. However it also resulted in the embracing of modern technology and revolutions that led China to become the nation it is today. In the first 50 years of from 1750 to 1800, western imperialism had little effect on China due to military and economic strength. During this period China was under the rein of Qian Long and was still considered the “Middle Kingdom”.
Why did the communists win the Chinese civil war? On October 1st, 1949, Mao Zedong declared The People’s Republic of China from Tiananmen, the gate to the Forbidden City, thus announcing the victory of the Chinese Communist Party over the Guómíndǎng, the Nationalists. The violence between the two parties had began in 1927, and had included short periods of strained collaboration, before the conflict became critical between 1925 and 1929. Due to the initial military and political dominance of the ruling GMD, Communist victory was not a foregone conclusion. In spite of this, the CCP managed to secure victory due to a combination of their strengths and their opposition’s shortcomings.
What did Yung Wing consider as China's most pressing problems? After the Opium Wars broke out, western countries found that China was very weak. Westerners started to declare wars to China and force China to open her market. After that, the second opium war started. China was defect by England and France.
The Russo-Japanese war was declared on the 8th of February 1904 in the method of a formal letter from Japan, and continued until the 5th of September 1905, with Russia’s defeat. The war grew out of the conflicting interests between the rival imperialist ambitions of Imperial Russia and Japan, in both Manchuria, China and Korea. Prior to the Russo-Japanese war, an internal battle between China itself and foreign domination was being fought. The economic exploitation of the Chinese by overseas governments occurred rapidly, each nation aiming to increase their ‘sphere of influence’. Throughout the 1800’s, China faced internal strain and international turmoil.
Current President Ma Ying-jeou takes a decidedly more conciliatory approach; shortly after taking office he declared a "diplomatic truce" with China. Since then, Taiwan's relations with the mainland have improved. (China) The two sides sharply disagree on Taiwan's political status. The People's Republic of China felt that there is only "One China" and Taiwan is an inalienable part of it. Beijing says Taiwan is bound by the consensus reached in 1992 between the representatives of