To What Extent Did the Boxer Rebellion Affect the Rise of Communism in China?

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To what extent did the boxer rebellion affect the rise of communism in china? As the historian Diana Preston states “the Boxer rebellion was a pivotal episode in China’s fractured relationship with the west”. It was an event that left tens of thousands dead and touched the lives of millions more. It precipitated the end of the Manchu led Qing dynasty, and tainted China’s relationship with the wider the world up until the modern day. This essay will explore to what extent the Boxer Rebellion affected the rise of communism in China. To understand why the Boxer rebellion of 1900 is a key factor in rise of communism we have to explore the 50 year period before it. By the start of 1850 the west had started its attempt to open China to the west with the Treaties of Nanjing and Bouge, which opened five trade ports and the ceded open port of Hong Kong to the British crown government, and granted extraterritoriality to western citizens in the ports meaning that their countries laws applied and not that of china. To the Chinese these treaties weren’t unfair; they simply viewed them as a way to enforce the tributary system imperial China used in which foreign elements were absorbed into China eventually becoming part of them. This meant at this time the west had no opposition to them interfering in Chinese sovereignty and they, could do what they wanted leading to the beginning of foreign intervention. 2 2 However in the intervening 50 years this view of the west as “powerless barbarians”3 was altered entirely with the major events in China which were dominated by the western politics and military, for example the second Opium War from 1856-1860, the further opening of 11 more ports to the west, and the aftermath of the Sino-Japan war in Korea. Additionally, German and Russian delegations demands to be allowed to build military bases in the north to protect their

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