To What Extent Did Russia Undergo Economic and Political Reform in 1906-1914? Essay

729 WordsNov 16, 20133 Pages
‘To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in the years 1906-1914?’ To some extent, Russia went through both political and economic reform in the years 1906-1914. 1906 saw the definite end of the 1905 revolution, and Peter Stolypin was mainly responsible for securing the position of Tsardom. He used both reforming and reactionary methods to achieve his goal, although any form of change was halted by the start of World War 1 in 1914. The first way in which Russia had moved towards economic reform in the years 1906-1914 is through Stolypin’s policies to improve agriculture and to create a wealthier class of peasants known as Kulaks. It is apparent that he achieved this as 50% of peasants owned their own land by 1915 due to the introduction of the Peasant Land Bank on 15th November 1906. Also, agricultural output rose by 20 million tonnes between the years 1906-1913 meaning that Stolypin’s agricultural policies made a significant difference. Therefore, this suggests that Russia had moved in the direction of economic reform as this is all evidence towards an improvement in Russian economy between the years 1906 and 1914. Stolypin directly targeted the economy as a way to improve the Tsarist position as he believed that a more stable peasantry would lead to a more stable Russia. Consequently, it is accurate to say that Russia had moved in a large way towards economic reform in the years 1906-1914. The first way in which Russia had moved towards political reform in the years 1906-1914 is through the introduction of the Duma that was announced in the 1905 Manifesto. The Duma was the first introduction of any type of parliamentary system to be seen in Russia, which was a massive step towards political reform. Although, the Duma was said to be a ‘talking shop’ as only 2 of 391 requests against government action were acknowledged and acted upon.
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