To What Extent Did Mussolini Become Involved in the Spanish Civil War in Order to Repress Communism?

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To what extent did Mussolini become involved in the Spanish Civil War in order to repress Communism? Assessment: Historical Investigation Subject: History SL Name: Jasper Bailey School Name: SCECGS Redlands School Code: 000505-002 Word Count: 1957 (excluding section headings and footnotes) Table of contents Section A: Plan of the investigation…………………………………………………1 Section B: Summary of evidence…………………………………………………….1 Mussolini………………………………………………………………………..1 Alignment with Hitler…………………………………………………………..2 Establish fascist state in Spain………………………………………………….2 Vengeance against Britain and France………………………………………….2 Section C: Evaluation of sources…………………………………………………3-4 Section D: Analysis………………………………………………………………..4-6 Section E: Conclusion………………………………………………………………..7 Section F: Bibliography………………………………………………………….….7 Part A: Plan of Investigation Between 1936 and 1939, Spain was engaged in a civil war between the Republicans, who were faithful to the democratically appointed Spanish Republic, and the Nationalists, a rebel body led by General Francisco Franco. Benito Mussolini, the Fascist dictator of Italy, aligned himself with the rebels alongside Hitler and Salazar, whilst the Republicans received support from the Soviet Union. In order to answer this question, the scope of the investigation is: to what extent did Mussolini become involved in the Spanish Civil War in order to repress Communism? To address the question, the investigation will examine: Mussolini’s aims to align with Germany; Mussolini’s hope to establish a third fascist state in Spain, and as vengeance against Britain and France. Biographies such as Alan Brown’s Fascism in Italy and the studies of his foreign policies post-1934, such as those of Lowe and Lee will be used conjointly with studies of Mussolini’s involvement in the Spanish Civil War such as Stone’s Italo-German Collaboration
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