To What Extent Did Austrian Influence in Germany Survive the Upheavals of the Years 1848-1850?

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To what extent did Austrian influence in Germany survive the upheavals of the years 1848-1850? Before 1848, Austria had a strong influence in Germany because it had politically dominated the German Confederation since 1815. However, throughout 1848 to 1850, there were many upheavals in Germany which affected Austrian influence as well as Austrian dominance. When considering the extent to which Austrian influence in Germany was affected by these upheavals, several factors must be considered. It can be said that Austrian influence in Germany was weakened after the 1848 to 1849 revolutions throughout Germany and Europe and due to the fact that they were not a member of the Zollverein. On the other hand it could be also be said that Austrian influence was maintained due to the restoration of Conservative rule in 1850 and the situation in Hesse-Cassel in 1849. The revolutions in Germany and Europe greatly weakened Austria’s power. The revolutions of 1848 to 1849 caused disorder in places such as Saxony, Baden, Bavaria, and some Rhineland towns. However, the Prussian army managed to defeat the liberals who were then arrested throughout the whole of Germany. This weakened Austria’s influence in Germany for two reasons. Firstly, the fact that Prussia’s army defeated the liberals and stopped the revolutions showed that they were willing to take action and that they were actually quite powerful – strong enough to stop revolutions and uprisings throughout Germany. Secondly, the revolutions affected Austria’s political dominance in Germany because Metternich, the Austrian Chancellor had resigned and the new Emperor was more focused on revolutions outside of Germany, particularly in Italy. This showed that Austria wasn’t stable and was prepared to do as much as Prussia. Another factor to be considered is that Austria was not part of the Zollverein. The Zollverein was created
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