To What Extent Can the Government of Gorbachev Be Held Responsible for the Collapse of the Soviet Union? Essay

1028 WordsMar 21, 20155 Pages
To what extent can the government of Gorbachev be held responsible for the collapse of the Soviet Union? The collapse of the USSR came about from a number of factors and was most definitely pushed by Gorbachev’s policies, however the collapse of the USSR can be directly linked to Gorbachev is still widely debated. Gorbachev's policies of Perestroika, Glasnost and his Foreign policies brought him a huge reputation outside the Soviet Union. The West perceived him as liberator and a progressive leader, but USSR had still felled under his rule. Therefore the question of whether the collapse of the USSR is unavoidable, could be solved differently or should have been more radical had all came up. From the time as Gorbachev became as General Secretary until the collapse in 1991, there are several impacts of other causes of the breakdown such as the polices, economy, resistance within the party and etc. The situation before Gorbachev came into power Stalin tried to modernize Russia and catch up with the western countries. His system led to large-scale industrialization and economic growth, but was not adaptable. The product quality was far beyond Western standards which did not meet the people’s needs and the environment suffered heavy disasters. By the early 80’s the economy was in decline again, and it’s the first time the Soviet Union faced a negative growth rate. Also the political and social situation was not much better within under the fear of Stalin. Khrushchev tried to overcome this fear, and tried to suppress it. So there was still fear continued in the society. His reforms in agriculture and relaxation of censorship were only partly successful. Then under his successor, Brezhnev’s period of stagnation arose. His restoration took back some of Khrushchev’s reforms. Since the end of WWII, the Soviet Union was also involved in an arms race with the USA, which
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