To what extent can a critical perspective contribute to an understanding of the process of managerial work? Essay

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To what extent can a critical perspective contribute to an understanding of the process of managerial work? (1200-1500 words) “Management is the process of achieving organisational goals by engaging in the four major functions of planning, organizing, leading and controlling” (Management, Bartol and Martin) To do this effectively there have been many theorists suggestions as to the way managers work. I am going to look at different theories to try and understand the best way of managerial work. Mintzberg suggested that a manager- the person in charge of a group of people or the whole organisation, which could be anything from a hockey coach to a manager of a top law firm, has formal authority over his/her unit. They have a high status in which everyone knows who they are and gives them respect. This leads to interpersonal relations, access to information, and from the information, enables the manager to make decisions and strategies for his subordinates. Three of the manager’s roles come under their interpersonal roles. The first is their figurehead role- they are in charge and they have to perform duties of ceremonial nature including meeting partners from other countries or taking an important client to a function. They are the leader in their unit, in which employees will look up to; this will mean that the manager will need to lead professionally and successfully. He/she will have to motivate and encourage his employees in order to improve productivity which will in the long run move their company forward, increase market share and eventually increase profits. This can also be classified into the liaison work that the manager must do- meet contacts not in their vertical chain or work. “In Rosemary Stewarts study on this section she found that 160 British middle and top managers spent 41 percent of their time with subordinates, 47 percent with peers

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