In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus is given the power to save a man’s life and ultimately reveals himself to be a dedicated and moral person. In addition, Atticus is looked up to as a respectable person in his community and many people turn to him when they have a problem or circumstance. This is evident when he agrees to defend Tom Robinson after being graciously asked by Judge Taylor. In doing this, Atticus is characterized as fair-minded because he doesn’t share the racist beliefs of Maycomb County. By appointing Atticus, it is known that he will do everything he can to ensure Tom has a fair trial.
Atticus did not only defend a black man but he had the courage and strength to try and defend him. All other lawyers would have either not taken the case or would have, but not tried at all and let an innocent man die. But Atticus was different; he was one of the few white people that believed that black people are equal to white people. The black community thought of Atticus as a great man, and he was very much respected in the black community. After the court case when Atticus was leaving, the community of black people rose in respect of his heroic actions in which he presented in defending Tom.
Hamilton says that it is very rare to find a judge who is not scared of the two other branches but still supports the people and their rights so they must find a way to entice the judge from private law practice into federal law practice. Thus, they put this point into Federalist No.78 in order to entice these judges by saying that this is a lifetime position with honor and prestige. Marshall likes this idea because then the Supreme Court will be able to have justices in future generations and maintain the checks and balances in the federal branch. He also likes this idea because then the Court can do judicial review because then there will be justices to review the laws of Congress and the states as well as the actions of the President. Hamilton says that having Supreme Court justices for life is good for a variety of reasons.
Atticus Finch is regarded throughout the novel as being a man of good moral character, and was always willing to put himself in someone else’s shoes (Dare 82). This creates a sort of hero that can be appreciated for far more than common “heroes” can be. “I had many heroes when growing up … only one remains very much alive for me … Atticus made me believe in lawyer-heroes.” (Dare 91). Atticus’s empathy is portrayed most clearly in his teachings of scout. In Being Atticus Finch: The Professional Role of Empathy in To Kill a Mockingbird, the Harvard Law review describes this scene: In a characteristic episode, Atticus Finch, the central character and moral conscience of the novel, imparts to his daughter, Scout, a “simple trick” for getting along with others: “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view” – that is, “until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.
He is almost completely shunned from the town because he is trying to help a black man accused of rape. Mayella had told Tom, “I said come here, nigger, and bust up this chiffarobe for me, I gotta nickel for you.” (p.241) She had tricked him to coming over to her. Then that’s about the time when she accuses him of rape. He had felt sorry for her, which is why he was falsely accused in the first place. Courthouse segregation was one of the biggest bits of racism I found in this book.
“The boy was dead the moment Mayella opened her mouth and screamed. It’s not right, but sometimes we can’t change the minds of white men.” Tom Robinson was innocent and most people know it. Mayella Ewell was obviously coached to lie- she stopped answering questions at one point. Mr. Bob Ewell was a low man who no doubt abused his children. It was obvious that Mr. Ewell beat his daughter, not Tom Robinson.
Everybody deserves the same justice that everyone else is given in a court of law, no matter if someone is better than them. Throughout the novel, the black characters are shown as strong-willed, intelligent and people who search for the same justice that everyone is afforded in a court of law. The character that shows a good sense of choice is Tom Robinson who is expressed as having a strong will. He was determined to tell the truth throughout the trial to prove his innocence and he was unwavering when he was guilty as didn’t complain. Tom made a good choice when Mayella was trying to trap by backing away and trying not to harm her.
He sat in jail with Hester and made her promise to keep their marriage a secret. There was nothing he wanted more than to see this man dead. “In a word, old Roger Chillingworth was a striking evidence of man’s faculty of transforming himself into a devil.” Dimmesdale, a man looked at with much respect by the townspeople, asserts his evil in many forms. He watches the woman he loves and his daughter live in shame and does nothing to help, which shows “the portion of him which the devil claimed, and through which he sought to win the rest.” Dimmesdale was the town minister who was supposed to represent the good things God gives us. But, he was said to be a servant of the “Black Man.” He watched Hester stand on the scaffold holding their child, with a scarlet letter embroidered on her clothing for all to see, alone.
Mayella Ewell, a white girl, often asked him to help her with her chores and he of course did. One time when he was helping her she kissed him but when her father saw she was embarressed and said he raped her and beat her up. The thing was she had bruises on the left side of her face but Tom was paralyzed in the left arm after he got stuck in a cotton making machine, so he could not have done it. Still the jury convicted him guilty of all charges. Its very likely that he was only found guilty because he was black.
He gets absolutely passionate when enacting his work as a lawyer : « He emphasised his words by tapping his knuckles on the table » and really invests all his energy in this case. He disapproved of the Ewells unjust accusation of the so-called rape 'commited' by Tom Robinson as he knows he is innocent , and tries to the best of his abilities to win this case to be able to save the poor man from death penalty, but even if he knows that the Ewels are lying he still feels compassion for Mayella, he treats her politely , « I won't try to scare you for a while...», ««... Miss Mayella », said Atticus in