To Be Loved Or To Be Feared
Niccolo Machivelli was a famous historian, politician, and philosopher in Italian. He believed in centralization of power. He believed that if a leader wants to hold his power, he should not be bounded by any moral codes; instead, he should do whatever it takes to reach his goal. In his famous work, The Prince, he had stated out a really interested question: Is it better to be loved than feared, or vice versa? I think to be feared is better than to be loved.
People respect and follow the person who they are fear to because they are afraid of getting punishment if they do not do what they were told; people do love and respect the person who they love, but when the person did not completed his job correctly, people tend to overrule him. Just like what Machiavelli had said, “People are less concerned with offending a man who makes himself loved than one who makes himself feared; the reason is that love is a link of obligation which men, because they are rotten, will break any time they think doing so serves their advantage; but fear involves dread of punishment, from which they can never escape”.
Qin Shin Huang was the most famous tyrant in the Chinese History. Just like Machiavelli, he also believed in centralization. In order to stable his country, he had to united his citizens thoughts by burned down all the books expect Qin dynasty’s ones, and killed everybody who had different thoughts than his.
“A prince, and especially a new prince, cannot possibly exercise all those virtues for which men are called “good”. To preserve the state, he often has to do things against his word, against charity, against humanity, against religion” (p490, the Norton reader). Because of Qin Shin Huang’s cruelness behavior, he had successfully united six different countries into one when he was thirty-nine years old. He united the language, rail of the car, measurement unit, policies, and laws (before, all six different countries were using six...