“The primary role of the counsellor is not that of merely using certain techniques, even with warmth and sympathy. Counselling is essentially an ethical task: it is to serve the client’s best interests” (Munro et al, 1989:4). As stated in the abovementioned quote, the principal role of counselling is to serve the client’s best interests. In order to achieve this in therapy, however, various approaches to counselling need to be considered, chosen, and carefully implemented to aid the client in the most beneficial way possible. As each approach differs, so do the views pertaining to the relationship between the counsellor and client.
UNIT 02: THEORY ESSAY There are several theoretical approaches to counselling, I will explain the key characteristics and concepts of the Humanistic theory, Psychodynamic theory and Cognitive-behavioural theory. I shall then summarise the key strengths and limitations of these main approaches. I will then explain the concept of the integrative model, followed by assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the integrative model. Finally I will explain the role of theory in relation to helping relationships. CBT is a combination of cognitive therapy, which examines unwanted thoughts, beliefs and cognitive processes and behavioural therapy which looks at the behaviour in response to those thoughts.
It is my desire to support clients' efforts to gain insight and identify solutions for their areas of concern and believe that most of the answers lie within. From my perspective, the counselor's role is to create a climate in which clients can examine their thoughts, feelings, and actions and eventually arrive at solutions that are best for them. As a counselor, it is important to be non-judgmental, when counseling or helping another person, regardless of how open-minded I may consider myself to be. Personality attributes of professional counselors has a great impact in the counseling process. Being nonjudgmental and accepting are important attributes in any of the helping professions.
Concepts of the person-centred approach to counselling and its underlying philosophy. This essay will discuss the different relevant opinions concerning person centred theory and practice. I will also discuss my own views and experiences of working with clients, triads, supervision and personal therapy to show my understanding of person centered approach. Person centered therapy has its origins in the work of Carl, Rogers in 1950 .Rogers was an American psychotherapist and one of the founders of humanistic psychology. Roger’s development of the person centered therapy was inspired by the students of Otto such as Taft (1933).
This approach encompasses the view that people are trustworthy, are unique as individuals and have their own realities. These realities are determined by perceptions and personal experience both past and present; however emphasis is placed on the conscious processes in the present. This approach allows the person to be their own expert on themselves; they understand their perceptions and reactions to experiences and attribute personal significant meaning to those experiences. This approach believes that this self actualisation will occur under the correct conditions, and once this is achieved then this tendency to actualise will allow the individual to grow and solve their own issues. The theoretical principles that define the Psychodynamic counselling approach centres on the relationship between the counsellor and the client.
Do I respect his ability and right towards self direction or do I know what’s best for him? These questions get to the very core of the helping relationship. Am I looking at this individual as someone I can dominate. Someone who needs me. Needs my expertise.
Make everybody aware of the communication needs and preferences of the individual so there are no communication issues. Ensure people involved address the individual directly and ask questions, giving them time to respond and express their opinions. Give two ways that a risk assessment can support the right of an individual using the service to take risks and make choices. They identify the potential benefits and balance these against the potential danger or harm and identify how the danger or harm can be reduced so by doing a risk assessment you are allowing the individual to take part in what they choose but ensuring it is done in the safest way possible. Explain how the responsibilities of all concerned with the care of an individual can be supported by a risk assessment It can be supported by a risk assessment because having a risk assessment ensures all concerned about the care of the individual that they are under safe care as all risks have been identified and found a way to prevent them etc.
Rapport brings forth a sense of trust and understanding needed to help a client feel comfortable and maybe even optimistic enough to disclose personal issues/concerns. It is extremely important for a counselor to listen attentively and compassionately. This effective listening is demonstrated through a counselor’s eye contact, body language, non-intrusive questioning, paraphrasing and reflecting on what the client is saying/feeling, and reviewing/recapping the focus. It is also important for a counselor
The six core conditions are: * Therapist-client psychological contact * Client vulnerability * Client perception * Unconditional positive regard * Empathic understanding * Therapeutic Congruence or Genuineness With Unconditional positive regard, the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally and is non-judgemental. The client is then free to explore all their feelings and emotions without the fear of being judged or rejected. Empathic understanding refers to the counsellors accurately understanding the thoughts, feelings and meanings the clients has and be able to perceive their world as they perceive it. Congruence is the therapist being genuine and authentic towards the client . The therapist is open and transparent to the client.
Through the lessons of Character Counts, we learn that our character does in fact count. Our character represents us as people and a nation, and we must achieve and surpass the expectations set before us so that we may truly say our lives made a difference. Even the seemingly least significant gesture of good will can, in some way, improve a person's quality of life. Character Counts strives to reach the goal of a better life for all. Respect, Trustworthiness, Citizenship, Caring, Fairness, and Responsibility are six ways to go far in life and do well in life.