Tma 04 Essay

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TMA 04 Part 1 Ice hockey players must possess a combination of speed, balance and co-ordination, power, agility and anaerobic endurance. These components of fitness are vital to the success of a good ice hockey player. On average players perform for 20-25 minutes of a 60-minute game. A typical interval on the rink lasts 30-80 seconds with a 2-3 minute rest interval between shifts. These shifts tend to be anaerobic in nature with short, intense bursts of high speed skating and aggressive body contact; these attributes draw on the anaerobic glycolysis system, which breaks down glycogen to provide the muscles with energy. (Heaney and Wright, 2012). The intermittent nature of the game means that anaerobic endurance becomes important, helping players to recover between shifts and produce the same level of performance. This is made difficult because blood lactate builds up in players. To enhance a player’s anaerobic endurance you must condition the anaerobic energy system because ice hockey players depend on it to complete intense explosive movements. Similarly athletes use interval training to improve anaerobic fitness, using high-speed sprint intervals followed by a rest period before repeating. An example of this would be completing a 30 second sprint followed by 2 minute rest period before repeating a further five times. It is important to tailor a specific training regime for the needs of the individual. For example a rugby player has different needs then a golfer, meaning their training would be different (Heaney and Wright, 2012). Ice hockey intervals last for 30-80 seconds followed by a longer rest period therefore to improve anaerobic performance the interval training has to be specific to this need and target the anaerobic glycolysis system by being between 30-80 seconds long. To continue improving the anaerobic energy system we need to

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