With voluntary muscle action progressively affected. Patients in the later stages of the disease may become totally paralyzed. Having shown that there is local and systemic alteration in the immune system in ALS, it is necessary to determine if this primary or secondary, and whether it is harmful or beneficial. The immune and inflammatory changes in ALS could be primary and part of the cause of the disease. Alternatively neuroinflammation and T cell infiltration could also be secondary to the tissue damage that occurs in ALS, as it is in other nervous system injury.
Stroke refers to a CNS infarction. “A CNS infarction is brain, spinal cord, or retinal cell death attributable to ischemia, based on (a) Pathological imaging, or other objective evidence of cerebral, spinal cord or retinal focal ischemic injury in a defined vascular distribution;
Since its discovery in 1870 by medical doctor Raymond Damadian, Magnetic Resonance Imaging has been an important tool in diagnostic imaging. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is used to distinguish pathologic tissue from normal tissue and because of this we are able to diagnose pathology such as brain tumors or even prostate cancer. The MRI scanner uses strong magnetic fields and non-ionizing electromagnetic fields in the radio frequency range. Since the field is not in the radio frequency range and the radiation is non-ionizing, unlike the convention x-rays and the CT scanner, the MRI scan is harmless to the patient, which is a major advantage in diagnostic radiography since all radiographers adhere to the ALARA principal where the patient dose of radiation should always be “As Low As Reasonable Achievable” as a means of protecting the patient from harmful ionizing radiation. Since an MRI scan mainly deals with visualizing soft tissue within the body, it is necessary to have a clear representation of the part being investigated.
Paul Broca did a case study with the aim of determining the effects on one’s brain as a result of brain damage. He used an opportunity sampling and studied a person nicknamed “Tan”. The subject could only speak the word “tan”, hence the nickname. However, he could still understand and make sense of language when it is spoken to him. Broca carried out a post-mortem experiment on Tan’s brain to find out what caused his behavior.
Unit: Dementia Awareness This unit must be assessed in accordance with Skills for Care and Development’s Assessment Principles. Learning Outcome 1: Understand what dementia is Assessment Criteria 1.1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is a term used to describe a range of signs and symptoms that occur when the brain is affected. Chemical and structural changes in the brain damage and kill brain cells, dementia is a progressive disease and this simply means that the symptoms will gradually get worse. Neurons and synapses become damaged by dementia they may be unable to carry messages that tell a section of the brain what to do.
Charlotte is also having some difficulties in her marriage despite stating that the marriage is good overall. Any or all of the above mentioned situations could be a causational factor of Charlotte’s depression. On the surface it would seem that negative events in Charlotte’s life may be the reason for her depression, and while they certainly play a crucial part, there is most likely more going on here than just some negative circumstances. Charlotte reported being depressed before losing her job and that she hadn’t slept well in years. Considering her present day symptoms
Unplanned pregnancies constitute to the mother feeling more depressed as she now is expecting something she never intended to happen. Often, unplanned pregnancies may cause aspects like premature delivery and other complications, which bring more worry from a mother’s point of view. Unwanted pregnancies can often have a long term affect on mothers simply because the mother now has to look after a baby when she did intend to or expect to do so. Therefore, such a factor is regarded as high-risk when associated with Post-Natal Depression. In terms of the hormonal changes when giving birth, many hormones change in the body, thus triggering a greater chance of the mother suffering from Post-natal depression.
Pregnant women face many barriers when trying to get help for their substance abuse problems. Many pregnant women seek out help through the community and treatment programs but find they are mainly male centered and do not cater to their personal needs. Other barriers they face are the fear of criminal prosecution and the fear of losing their current children to child protective services. Maternal substance abuse continues to be a growing problem today. Educating more mothers on the consequences of abusing substances while pregnant will help reduce the number of children affected by this significant problem.
Punishment in these homes is rare, as authoritative parents use natural consequences so their children are able to learn and grow from their mistakes. Children of authoritative parents are encouraged to be independent and meet their parents' high standards, which results in a positive sense of self” (Schmidt, 2011). "They monitor and impart clear standards for their children’s conduct. They are assertive, but not intrusive and restrictive. Their disciplinary methods are supportive, rather than punitive.
Right from a student getting bad grades as a result of a submission they couldn’t complete due to being unwell, to the difficult situations faced by a single mother in this society. Although the Theory is primarily referred to in the feminist context, I believe its scope is immensely wider. Some of us, including me, often thing that we are empathetic and can understand what is going on with another person’s life. However, I am sure that try as we may, we won’t be able to understand completely what the sufferer truly has to endure. As social awareness is increasing thanks to mass media and increased sensitivity among my generation, we find people championing various causes, we find NGOs foraying into new domains.