Time Traveling, Art Historian Book Chapters Essay

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Time Traveling, Art Historian Book Chapters Susan Gressett HUM205 February 17. 2013 Liz Olson Time Traveling, Art Historian Book Chapters Early Middle Ages and the Romanesque The first piece of art I have chosen comes from the Early Middle Ages time period, more specifically from France. Here, inside the church of Sainte-Madeleine in Vezelay, lies an extraordinary piece of art in the form of architecture known as the Mission of the Apostles (Figure 1). Figure [ 1 ]: The Vezelay Mission of the Apostles tympanum, Sainte-Madeleine, Vezelay This piece in particular is one that comes from the Romanesque period of the Early Middle Ages. Most of the pilgrimage churches contain tympanums, the majority of which depict images of the Last Judgment; the one in Vezelay depicts the Mission of the Apostles as mentioned in the Bible. The purpose of the Mission of the Apostles is to help educate the congregation of the church, as most of the members are considered “illiterate” because of the fact they do not know how to read or write. Instead, the use of pictures like the one above are used to help the church’s members understand Biblical messages. The Mission of the Apostles was created between 1120 and 1132, and upholds the importance of the Crusades as well as the importance of the role played by the Vezelay in the Crusades (Wikipedia, 2013). Taking a closer look at each section of the tympanum, we can determine what the true meaning behind the piece is as a whole. The center of the structure, shown in Figure 2, depicts an image of Christ issuing his message to his twelve apostles who surround him on both sides. Figure [ 2 ]: Detail of the central portal. The image of Christ in this particular piece of artwork is typically Romanesque architectural style. Christ in this image, is depicted almost as an opposite view of the tympanum in St. Pierre de Moissac,

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