God is not limited by the laws of logic, since God created these laws and could abolish them if he wished to do so. This view is the strongest affirmation of God’s power. Descartes considered that if God had to conform to the laws of logic and non-contradiction, this would be a limit on God’s absolute power. He held that God created this world with its laws of logic but God would have been capable of creating different universes within different laws of logic. According to Descartes, we simply have no idea what is and what is not possible for God, so we cannot lay down any limitations on God’s absolute omnipotence.
In this essay I will be explaining the problem of evil, the types of evil, Irenaeus’ idea on immature beings and Augustine’s theodicy of free will. Augustine in his ‘confessions’ defined the problem of evil. ‘Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot then he is not all-powerful; if he will not then he is not all good’. His assumption is that a good God would eliminate evil as far as it is possible, because if he is omnipotent then all evil should be eliminated, but evil exists so why does God allow it? David hum in ‘Dialogues concerning Natural Religion’ argues that either God is not omnipotent, or God is not omnibenevolent, or evil does not exist.
A) Explain Augustine’s theodicy (25marks) St Augustine (ad 354-430), both Augustine’s theodicy and his argument concerning evil were both originally based on the bible. Augustine himself had many beliefs, one of his main beliefs was that god had made the world and when making the world he had made it free from flaws. He believed very strongly that god is good, omnipotent and omniscience. As he believed for god to be these things he had a problem which was, if god is good and omnipotent and it was god that created the world why is there evil in the world? He solved this problem by saying that god is responsible for the evil in the world by defining evil as “privation”.
They also believe that there is no force greater than man and the man is the creator of the world. They do not believe in faith and blessings; naturalists believe that things happen because we as individuals make them happen for ourselves. Naturalists are also known as atheists. Supernaturalists on the other hand are the complete opposite of naturalists and believe that all things are created by God. The supernaturalists believe that “the material world is a derivative realm created by God” (Entwistle, 2010, p.98).
Because the Prime Mover existed he set of a chain of reactions which caused the world into existence. The Prime mover caused the movement of the cause and effect chain however the Prime Mover itself did not move as it was not subject to cause and effect. Therefore the Prime Mover cannot be described as a craftsman. Another attribute of the Judeo Christian concept of god is that god is all loving and also that he interacts with his creation. This is seen in the Bible when miracles occur and also when god punishes the world.
Augustine provides one response to the problem of suffering which is known as the Augustine Theodicy. He suggests that suffering is a consequence of sin. That God, just as it says in Genesis with the Doctrine of original sin, created the world 'perfectly' and it was the presence of Adam and Eve that led to 'the fall' of humanity and the presence of suffering. Augustine believed that God is right not to intervene to put a stop to suffering. He firmly thought that God is a righteous one who at the end of time will deal with those who rejected him.
The repetition of the words ‘And God said’, ‘And it was so’, ‘And God saw it was good’ show that God is a craftsman who was very much aware of what he was creating; it is said that this God is omnipotent. These quotes also show that God takes pride in his work as he says ‘It was good’. This is extremely different to the concept of the Prime Mover as he did not create the world he simply started the chain of causes that caused its existence which means the Prime Mover cannot be called a craftsman as he simply caused the cause and effect chain. The Prime Mover is again different to God as a Craftsman as he s transcendent and does not interact with the universe unlike the craftsman which is described as all loving and interacts with his creation. There is evidence of this within the Bible when God causes miracles however there is also evidence of this in the natural world as when God causes natural disasters, he is interacting with his creation.
Sam answered with a yes to both of the questions that I asked. I then told him that because there is good and bad that there is God (good) and Satan (evil). He had a hard time comprehending that when God created the world along with Adam and Eve, he did not want them to experience the difference between good and evil. I told Sam that God only wanted them to know Him and that is why He warned then to “not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.” God gave Adam and Eve this one command because he did not want then to know anything less than holiness. Because of the disobedience from Adam and Eve they brought sin
If an individual holds to the belief that there are gods and demons that create events to guide human actions than they have a polytheism worldview. Scripture states that God created the entire world and that His eternal power and divine nature, although invisible, can be understood and seen throughout creation (Rom. 1:20, KJV). Humankind has made a choice to ignore His presence by worshipping themselves and false idols seeking their own pleasures foolishly. It is because of this foolishness that God released humanity to their selfish lust (Rom.
Humans then incorporate both of these laws into human law, which is the basis for how we act. As the laws the humans follow come from God, they must be holy and should not be rejected by ‘disparaging the dictate of reason’. Natural Moral Law creates a connection between what is natural, rational and moral. Aquinas’ ethical theory claims that laws which are discernible through nature are intrinsically good because they were created by God. It is therefore known through reason that we should follow these natural riles from God, because the opposite is equivalent to ‘condemning the command of God’.