During these years, which mark the first in Mao’s reign as leader in China, there were a number of key features of Communist rule in China, notably land reform, economic policies, as well as violence. In this essay, I intend to argue that violence was a key feature, but that there are other factors that could be described as being ‘key’ also. Mao’s immediate aim upon coming to power was to gain control of the cities, where the GMD had been at its strongest. He was determined to stamp out any remaining support for the GMD and ordered massacres of suspects. 65,000 people were killed in Guangzhou and 28,000 in Shanghai.
During the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, one Chinese citizen stood in e to be known as “Tank Man,” or the Unknown Rebel, in a reference to his incredible act of bravery. Tank Man has become an iconic symbol of the Chinese democracy movement, and his image is familiar to many people around the world. The Tiananmen Square protests were organized by thousands of Chinese ster China, and quickly became a topic of international interest. Ultimately, the Chinese government put down the rebellion extremely violently, with the aid of soldiers and tanks. Thousands were injured and killed by Chinese soldiers, despite the efforts of people who tried to stand against them.
While the protest lacked an identical cause or leadership, most of the protesters were generally against the economic policies and authoritarian of the ruling of the Chinese Communist Party and expressing calls for democratic reforms in the structure of government. The PRC government then used betrayal as an excuse and in Beijing, and used military force to suppress the demonstrators. The resulting military crack down caused a number of innocent citizens dead or injured. The report on number of deaths and injured ranged from two hundred – three hundred (PRC government) to two thousand – three thousand (Chinese Red Cross). Following the violence, the government carried out mass arrests of demonstrators and suppressed their supporters and other protests around China.
Following the resilience from the protesters, the then Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping and other party elders resolved in using force against the protesters. They declared a total Martial law on the protesters and deployed 300,000 troops to Beijing that led to the wide spread killing at the Tiananmen Square and arrest of the protesters and their supporters, and also expelled foreign journalist from china. Reference: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB16/ http://www.tsquare.tv/themes/TatTcover.html
Democratic Republicans all in all wanted things to remain the same in the U.S government because they felt that giving more power to the national government by way of national bank or tax would slowly get rid of the people’s voice in politics creating a rerun of the previous outcome with Great Britain. Both party’s with opposite beliefs going back and forth has followed the U.S since this time in history it is safe to say that the First Party System left behind a legacy of feuding in government politics. When it comes to decision
The local forces attacked the Presidential Palace, the National Radio Station, the U.S. embassy and other principal targets. When the Communist’s high command realized that the military objectives were not being met, they halted further attacks. Sporadic fighting continued in Saigon until March 8. Some sections of the city were left badly damaged by the combat and U.S. retaliatory air and artillery strikes. The Chinese district of Cholon suffered with hundreds of civilians killed in the American counter attacks.” (First Battle) “On March 16, 1968, U.S. Army forces conducted a mass murder of hundreds of unarmed citizens in South Vietnam.
Stalin’s terror was not limited to the party and extended and he condemned intellectuals for being “anti-Soviet”. During the 1917 revolution, there was little to no use of terror or force as it was a seemingly painless takeover. This is not to say that the Russian people were not accustomed to violence as many people still resented actions of the Okhrana during tsarist times and the mass executions and deportations that were carried out. The Russian people had also just been subjected to Lenin’s “Red Terror” which was a campaign of mass killings, torture and systematic oppression led by the Cheka, the Bolshevik secret police. It is estimated that between 50,000 and 140,000 people were killed in this campaign during the Russian Civil War.
Some of the most prominent events that occurred immediately preceding the turning point and which were essential in preparing for the turning point were when troops opened fire on a crowd that was protesting Diem’s law, which forbid the flag ceremony that celebrated Buddha’s day of birth. Several people were killed, and two days later thousands of Buddhists and supporters protested the shootings and demanded their religious freedoms. In response to the protest, Diem had the Buddhist leaders imprisoned. The Buddhist crisis stemmed from the mass immigration of Catholics coming in from the North. The Catholic people were in support of Diem, where the Buddhists were not.
* Tiananmen Square- Students gathered in Tiananmen Square to mourn the death of a progressive Chinese leader; eventually grew into a peaceful protest for democratic reforms; crowds grew to 1 million students; government demanded that they leave, some did but many remained; government brought in the military and opened fire on the protesters; exact death toll is unknown but ranges from a few hundred to a few thousand; brought forth discontent many people had with the communist regime; government arrested many who were sympathetic with protests after square was cleared; information about massacre is censored in
Along with their method to take matters into their own hands, the procedure was just to sack and burn the Chinese laundries and other commercial establishments operated by the Chinese. In one instance, a pack of discriminators set flame to a Chinese theater in San Francisco, where the police force, secretly working for them, did not let out many of the Chinese audience. Nineteen were killed in this "accident” and on the sidewalk; a bystander asked if any white men had been killed. When he was assured that only Chinese had died, he replied, motioning with his foot toward the many bodies, “Good, it doesn’t matter about these.” The deceased were all laid out at the coroner’s office on Sacramento Street. A huge crowd of curious Americans attempted to view the