During these years, which mark the first in Mao’s reign as leader in China, there were a number of key features of Communist rule in China, notably land reform, economic policies, as well as violence. In this essay, I intend to argue that violence was a key feature, but that there are other factors that could be described as being ‘key’ also. Mao’s immediate aim upon coming to power was to gain control of the cities, where the GMD had been at its strongest. He was determined to stamp out any remaining support for the GMD and ordered massacres of suspects. 65,000 people were killed in Guangzhou and 28,000 in Shanghai.
Three thousand French troops were killed, and eight thousand wounded. Vietnamese suffered much more with eight thousand dead and twelve thousand wounded. In 1961, John F. Kennedy ordered more help for the South Vietnamese government in its war, On July 30, 1964 the war moved to two small North Vietnamese islands in the Gulf of Ton kin. During This twenty-five year period the ensuing war would create some of the strongest tensions in US history. Much of Vietnam's history has been under foreign rule by the Chinese.
* Tiananmen Square- Students gathered in Tiananmen Square to mourn the death of a progressive Chinese leader; eventually grew into a peaceful protest for democratic reforms; crowds grew to 1 million students; government demanded that they leave, some did but many remained; government brought in the military and opened fire on the protesters; exact death toll is unknown but ranges from a few hundred to a few thousand; brought forth discontent many people had with the communist regime; government arrested many who were sympathetic with protests after square was cleared; information about massacre is censored in
Account for Mao’s Rise to Power and evaluate his impact on Chinese Society Mao Zedong 1893-1976, is considered as a traditional Chinese emperor with Marxist ideas and was the founder of People’s Republic of China in 1949. He led the communist party of China against the GMD to victory, in the Chinese civil war and is considered as one of the most influential and important figure in modern history . However there are critics of his social political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. These programs caused severe damages on the Chinese Culture, society, economy and their foreign relations and the death of millions of Chinese civilians. After the death of Sun Yat Sen 12th March 1925, Chiang Kai-Shek emerged as the new leader of the GMD.
The local forces attacked the Presidential Palace, the National Radio Station, the U.S. embassy and other principal targets. When the Communist’s high command realized that the military objectives were not being met, they halted further attacks. Sporadic fighting continued in Saigon until March 8. Some sections of the city were left badly damaged by the combat and U.S. retaliatory air and artillery strikes. The Chinese district of Cholon suffered with hundreds of civilians killed in the American counter attacks.” (First Battle) “On March 16, 1968, U.S. Army forces conducted a mass murder of hundreds of unarmed citizens in South Vietnam.
The Gang of Four, together with disgraced Communist general Lin Biao, were labeled the two major "counter-revolutionary forces" of the Cultural Revolution and officially blamed by the Chinese government for the worst excesses of the societal chaos that ensued during the ten years of turmoil. ------------------------------------------------- Formation The group was led by Jiang Qing, and consisted of three of her close associates, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen. Two other men who were already dead in 1976, Kang Sheng and Xie Fuzhi, were named as having been part of the "Gang". Chen Boda and Mao Yuanxin, the latter being Mao's nephew, were also considered some of the Gang's closer associates. Most Western accounts consider that the actual leadership of the Cultural Revolution consisted of a wider group, referring predominantly to the members of the Central Cultural Revolution Group.
The differences in political, economic and military cause wars and conflict. For several decades the conflict of the strait has been going on. Relating back to the question, people are wondering why China and Taiwan cannot be friends. China and Taiwan, while in practice maintaining a fragile status quo relationship, periodically grow impatient with the diplomatic work that has kept the island(Taiwan) separate from the Communist mainland(China) since 1949. After losing the civil war to Communist Chinese and fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, the nationalist Kuomintang (Also called the KMT) leaders of the Republic of China regarded the Communist Chinese government as illegitimate, claiming the mainland as rightfully their own.
Many stated after that they, one day would like to go back to Vietnam and help rebuild the country that the helped destroy. Even though America was and still is seen as one of the world’s most prevailing superpowers, the withdrawal from Vietnam was inevitable. There was no clear way for the military to secure their victory in the War without having to lose thousands of soldiers. The War ended with the exact opposite of what all soldiers had spent the majority of their life fighting for. Vietnam succumbed to the communist rule and the rest of the world watched in
While the protest lacked an identical cause or leadership, most of the protesters were generally against the economic policies and authoritarian of the ruling of the Chinese Communist Party and expressing calls for democratic reforms in the structure of government. The PRC government then used betrayal as an excuse and in Beijing, and used military force to suppress the demonstrators. The resulting military crack down caused a number of innocent citizens dead or injured. The report on number of deaths and injured ranged from two hundred – three hundred (PRC government) to two thousand – three thousand (Chinese Red Cross). Following the violence, the government carried out mass arrests of demonstrators and suppressed their supporters and other protests around China.
For example, students at Peking University created a "Democratic Wall" on which they criticized the CCP with posters “They protested CCP control over intellectuals, the harshness of previous mass campaigns such as that against counterrevolutionaries, the slavish following of Soviet models, the low standards of living in China, the proscription of foreign literature, economic corruption among party cadres, and the fact that 'Party members [enjoyed] many privileges which make them a race apart' During the period from June 1 to July 17, 1957, millions of letters poured in to the Premier's Office and other authorities, and the situation began to get out of control. In Mao's opinion, many of these letters violated the boundaries