Thyroid Diseases Essay

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Out of the many different types of thyroid diseases, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are the most common thyroid related diseases. The others that are related to those two are Grave’s disease, Hyperfunctioning Thyroid Nodules, and Thyroiditis. All of these diseases can be induced by heredity, body’s immune system, ages, sex hormones, and how much stress is involved. This disease isn’t very uncommon for people to have and it isn’t a life threatening disease unless it’s left untreated, even if it is a small goiter or swelling of limbs (Mayo Clinic). “The thyroid is located in front of the breathing airway and below the voice box. It is shaped like a small butterfly gland and produces two hormones: tri-iodothyronine and thyroxine” (The Hormone Foundation- 1). The function of the thyroid is to regulate the body’s organs. It tells how fast/ slow they should work, the consumption of oxygen and production of heat. The thyroid also has a gland that is located at the base of the brain and controls how the thyroid works. It is called the pituitary gland and the two hormones that are produced are traveled down the bloodstream to the thyroid (Hormone). Hyperthyroidism is one of the most common diseases out of the thyroid diseases. Basically, too many of the hormone, thyroxine are produced and given to the thyroid from the pituitary gland. Hyperthyroidism speeds up the body’s metabolism which in turn makes the body have a significant weight loss, a weird heartbeat, sweating profusely, and nervousness. This disease can also come from other types of problems, but to know if it is Hyperthyroidism, it will have to have more than a few of the diseases. Other types of problems include tremors, goiters, and medications can cover any of the signs of the causes (Hormone). To figure out if there is an overactive thyroid (Hyperthyroidism), doctors have the patients take a few

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