The Founding Fathers created three different branches of government. They did this to prevent tyranny and limit one individual or group from too much power. One reason for three branches is to prevent tyranny. Tyranny is cruel or oppressive government or rule. They created branches so they can all have control.
The majority of new laws or changes to existing laws come from government but the can also come from MP’s, Lords or even a member of the public. E.g. ‘Sarah’s Law’. Both the House of Commons and House of Lords must debate and vote on the proposals. 2.
There are 18 departmental select committees who shadow the work of major government departments, for example the Defence select committee. They carry out enquiries and write reports, and analysing governmental documents, scrutinising them as they do. A third way parliament carries out its scrutiny function is through the opposition, which is made up by the second biggest party in the House of Commons usually, and is
In our government, a system of separation of powers and checks and balances are used to maintain order among the three different branches of government. The purposes and responsibilities of the legislative and executive branches are laid out in Article I and II of the United States Constitution, respectively. To balance state's rights and the rights of all of the nation's citizens, the framers of the Constitution came up with the concept of an executive branch that represents the interests of the nation and a legislative branch that represents the interests of the states. The third branch of government, the judicial branch, is responsible for balancing these conflicting interests. The Judicial Branch, has power that is, arguably, unregulated; power to overturn decisions by both the Executive and Legislative Branches.
(9 points) 3. Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a mechanism for amending the Constitution but then make it very difficult to actually make any changes? Answer: They knew that people would change along with the constitution so in order for it to be successful it had to mirror what was actually happening. As a result they made the process difficult so that common interest would not affect the constitution.
How do you think our rights were protected against tyranny by the Constitution? Tyranny is when one person is given all the power to control a country of a government in a dictator like manner. The Constitution guarded against tyranny in several ways, which were federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, big states vs. small states. The first guard against tyranny was Federalism, a system of government in which power is divided between a federal government and state government. The guard of federalism is shown one way in the Constitution when they set up the compound government to make sure that the federal government doesn’t get too much power.
An amendment is ratified if three-fourths of the states legislatures voted for it or by conventions in three-fourths of the states. (b) Two informal methods that have been used to change the meaning of the Constitution are judicial interpretation and incorporation of traditions, precedent and practice. Judicial interpretation is the way which the Supreme Court chooses how the Constitution is to be interpreted to the extent of most constitutional. Interpretation can be changing with changing times, socially and culturally. Judicial review was established through judicial interpretation in court case Marbury v. Madison.
The legislature's main function is that of enacting laws proposed by the executive, and the judiciary has the function of interpreting laws enacted by the legislature and ensuring that the executive is executing its function in accordance with the law. The doctrine of separation of powers entails a system where each of the three organs of government work independently of one another so as to foster democracy and accountability in the course of governance. The concept of separation of powers was elevated to the rank of a grand constitutional principle by the French theorist Baron Montesquieu who argues for a strict separation of the legislature (which makes the law), the administration or executive (which governs the state), and the judiciary (who apply the law) in order to protect the liberty of the individual. Montesquieu’s main concern was with the judiciary whose independence from the legislature and executive he stressed. Montesquieu stated: When the legislature and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates there can be no liberty… again there is no liberty if the power of judging is not separated from the legislative and the executive.
Essay for exam #3 PS 101-3324 The five major roles of the president are: Head of State, Chief Executive, Commander in Chief, Chief Diplomat, and Chief Legislator of the U.S. Head of State is a role that is by and large symbolic or ceremonial. Acknowledging great accomplishments of the citizens or calming the storm when citizens are experiencing a national tragedy are some of the functions of this role. The president also visits and receives dignitaries from foreign countries as part of this position. Public exposure can be a positive feature for the President on a lot of fronts as Head of State. As Chief Executive, the president maintains the role as head of the executive branch of the government.
The legislative function involves ‘the enactment of general rules determining the structure and powers of public authorities and regulating the conduct of citizens and private organisations. The executive is all the institutions and persons concerned with the implementation of the laws made by the legislature. It involves central and local government and the armed forces. The role of the executive ‘includes initiating and implementing legislation, maintaining order and security, promoting social and economic welfare, administering public services and conducting the external relations of the state. The judiciary is made up mainly of professional judges, and their main function is ‘to determine disputed questions of fact and law in accordance with the law laid down by Parliament and expounded by the courts and is exercised mainly in the civil and criminal courts.'