The majority of new laws or changes to existing laws come from government but the can also come from MP’s, Lords or even a member of the public. E.g. ‘Sarah’s Law’. Both the House of Commons and House of Lords must debate and vote on the proposals. 2.
The principle organ of the US state is to legislate, represent and scrutinise the other, safely separated, branches of the government. First of the three elements in which Congress’s primary role plays is in legislation. The very first article of the Constitution lays out how this is done. Bills initiated by both the President and members of Congress are almost certain to be substantially modified as they go through the legislative process, making it very difficult for the President or any political faction to force through their policy agenda. Congress has been somewhat effective in passing laws such as the PATRIOTIC Act under Bush and the Healthcare Reform Act under Obama both show’s that Congress can legislate when it needs be, especially with a majority in both houses.
* Define and give an example of separation of powers and checks and balances * Separation of powers- An aspect of the Madisonian Model of government that requires each of the three branched of government to be independent of and to share power with each other so that one cannot control the others. Ex. Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of govn’t all separate * Checks and balances- balances power- Important feature of the Constitution which enables each branch of government to constrain the other branched activities in order to prevent any one branch from gaining too much power. * After the American Revolution and under the Articles of Confederation, who started to gain/lose political power? * the wealthy lost power and the low income/farmers
In other to discourage monarchy and reinforce the American idea, our founding fathers came up with the three branches of government where they would each have certain role to fulfill, share power which will allow them to oversee each other. This will help each branch to keep a watchful eye on the other two branches so that each branch would comply with the constitution so as not to usurp power and turn in to monarchy. These branches include the Legislative branch, the Executive branch and the Judicial
The additional guard against tyranny was Separation of Powers which means the government was separated into different branches. The Constitution states that the Separation of powers was legislative, executive and judicial branches. Separation of power can defend against tyranny simply because there are 3 powers, not one; which does not make America have an absolute power. The third guard against tyranny was Checks and Balances, which were the balances in the 3 branches of power. In the constitution, there is a diagram stating which branch has power for each other.
Federalism is included in the Constitution by showing that powers were divided between the central government and the states. In document A the chart describes the powers of the states and Central Government. The Central Government pas the power to regulate trade, declare war, provide the army and the navy, and conduct all foreign relations. The states had powers like setting up school, setting up a local government, hold elections, regulate in-state businesses, and pass laws about marriage and divorce. The Central Government and the states also share some powers like taxes, setting up courts, making laws, enforcing laws, and borrowing money.
Powers of government are separated into three main categories. The legislative branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Constitution gives Congress the authority to ratify legislation and declare war. (The Legislative Branch) They are also responsible for making laws. Locke would support these obligations of legislation.
How do you think our rights were protected against tyranny by the Constitution? Tyranny is when one person is given all the power to control a country of a government in a dictator like manner. The Constitution guarded against tyranny in several ways, which were federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, big states vs. small states. The first guard against tyranny was Federalism, a system of government in which power is divided between a federal government and state government. The guard of federalism is shown one way in the Constitution when they set up the compound government to make sure that the federal government doesn’t get too much power.
Two formal constitutional powers of the President in making foreign policy are the power of Commander-in-chief and negotiate or make treaties. b. Two formal constitutional powers of Congress in making foreign policies are to ratify treaties or declare war. c. Two informal powers of the President that contribute to the President’s advantage over Congress in conducting foreign policy are to meet with world leaders or have access to more information. d. Informal powers of the President can contribute to an advantage over Congress because he will be able to persuade the public or persuade congress by negotiations and support.
These agencies have strong connections with Congress as it is Congress that authorizes their existence and finds the funds to finance them. Congressional committees must also oversee their operation. This acts as check on presidential power and a president who fails to influence his office with his goals will realize surely this. Therefore, the president has come to rely more on the specialized staff that work for him in the