This is the ability to be you without pretence or façade. This is also called genuineness; it is the most important attribute in counselling according to Rogers, in this the counsellor is keen to allow the client to experience them as they really are, the therapist being authentic. Unconditional Positive Regard: (UPR) this is a non-judgemental, Respecting and accepting the other person as they are, Rogers believed that for people to grow and fulfil their potential it is important that they are valued as themselves. The counsellor has a genuine regard for the client, they may not approve of some of the client’s actions, but the therapist does approve of the client. The therapist needs an attitude of “I’ll accept you as you are.” The therapist must always maintain a positive attitude to the client at all times.
It is viewed more as an attitudinal or philosophical approach to counseling rather than a theory of therapy because it is loosely based on existential philosophy and it is not tied to any particular therapeutic technique (Sharf, 2004). Broadly defined, existential therapy encourages clients to develop a full comprehension of their personal meaning of life and purpose of existence in the universe (Frankl, 1997; Yalom, 1980). It is suggested that a counselor develop his or her own
Lin Article Critique: Part 2 Dustin T. Rheel Liberty University Counseling 503, D22 Professor Carlene Taylor November 25, 2012 Critique of Population and Sampling In the Lin, Mack, Enright, Krahn, and Baskin article (2004) article, they sampled forty-three participants from various drug rehabilitation centers. These participants were suffering from alcohol and other drug dependences. Some of the participants were referred by the therapist and then the suggested participants then had the option to participate or not, thus making the sample used not random. Even though the sample was not random, they were randomly selected to be in one of 2 groups, Forgiveness Therapy (FT) or Alcohol and Drug Counseling (ADC) (Lin et al., 2004).
(Rogers, 1979) 6. The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard are to some degree achieved PCT emphasises the relationship between the counsellor and the client. For PCT to be effective, the client must be aware, to some level, of the existence of the therapist’s empathy and unconditional positive regard for the client. If not, they do not exist in the relationship for client and so change cannot occur in therapy (Rogers,
Sometimes clients come to therapy were the counsellor will know little or nothing about the condition the client has. Research in this case may be a form of invaluable guidance to the counsellor in terms of providing a “default therapeutic stance” upon on the initial encounter. Although research in counselling can only tell us possibility of something happening, Cooper (2008) points out that this knowledge can be priceless when there is nothing else to refer to. Research in counselling can also be beneficial to the counsellor in terms of helping the counsellor to gain an understanding of therapy from the client’s perspective. Cooper (2008) points out that research gathered on the clients experience of counselling may challenge the “assumptions and expectations” that counsellors possess on
It is fallacy to think that there is only one truth when dealing with clients. The author of this textbook, Gerald Corey, agrees with this summation when he states “…no one theory contains all the truth, and...no single set of counseling techniques is always effective with working with diverse client populations…” (Corey, 2013, pg. 468) The textbook further warns that trying to apply one counseling method to every client could raise ethical concerns. How does one then decide from amongst all the various theories? Corey recommends that one should “remain open and selectively incorporate a framework for counseling that is consistent with your own personality and your belief system.” (Corey, 2013, pg.
All three articles were written by the researcher who completed the study. The research includes the typical aspects of an Empirical study: purpose, research questions or hypotheses, sample population, methodology, limitations, results, conclusion, and recommendations for further research. Furthermore, all three studies deal with leadership effectiveness and the impact on employees or students. The first article, Transformational Leadership in the Public Sector: Does Structure Matter? will be referred to in this paper as Article One.
Second the therapist must convey unconditional positive regard for the client, this means that the therapist accepts everything the client say without passing judgment on the client. Clients trust that the therapist will not reject them if they say the wrong thing or if something critical comes out in the course of therapy. The atmosphere is safe for clients to begin exploring their distress. The third condition for the therapeutic progress is empathic understating. The client must feel that the therapist understands him or her.
Colangelo Dimitry reports that he found out about MI when he was in detox in Methadone Clinic in Springfield where he had a counselor who provided therapy using the Motivation Interviewing approach. Colangelo Dimitry explains that his counselor used Motivation Interviewing to motivate him and gave him suggestions about making decisions. What do you think about the Motivation Interviewing in “La Casita” if it is effective or is use for intervention? How frequently is
Psychotherapeutic Theories and Models (CPc1) Assignment 2 Paul Carey Student No: 1241-13 Abstract In this assignment I will explore the theories of Existentialism and Narrative therapy, giving an overview of the main elements, including examples of potential weaknesses or limitations that may occur in their clinical use. I will then discuss and explore the ways the theories links with the case study of John, using examples from Johns presenting story to explore a clinical application. Theoretical discussion Existentialism is a philosophical approach to therapy (Corey, 2009a), where the therapist practically applies this approach to a relevant discussion and thinking about a client’s life (Van Deurzen & Adams, 2011). It is not so much a therapy about individual problems, as it is a therapy on the problem of life, or living, as applied to the clients own sense of self in the world (Van Deurzen & Adams, 2011). Philosophers who laid the foundation for the approach gave focus to the existential or ontological dimension of our existence (Cohn, 1997).