Threat to the Stability of the Weimar Republic Came from the Political Violence of the Extreme Right in the Period 1919 to 1923 Essay

2146 WordsApr 29, 20149 Pages
To a large extent the main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic came from the political violence of the extreme right in the period 1919 to 1923 with incidents such as The Kapp Putsch in 1920 and the numerous assassinations. However, although the violence from the extreme right was a huge factor in creating instability, there were many other factors including threats from the Elites, economic threats, the Treaty of Versailles, threats from the Left and finally the weakness of the Weimar Constitution. This proves that the threats from the Right were some of many threats to the Weimar Republic but there is not enough evidence to suggest that they were overall the main threat. The aim of the political violence from the Right was to overthrow the new Weimar Republic in order to return it back to an autocracy and secondly to reject the Treaty of Versailles. They planned to do this through the event of the Kapp Putsch in March 1920 where General Luttwitz led his Freikorps brigade into Berlin, seized the government district of the city and Wolfgang Kapp was declared chancellor by Luttwitz. The government fled to Dresden, but before doing so they appealed to the workers to strike in defence of the Republic. In response to the government’s appeal, the strike brought the capital to a halt and the rebels failed to win the support or recognition of the civil service or finiancial institutions including the Reichsbank. Eventually after four day the Kapp regime collapsed and Kapp fled to Sweden with Luttwitz. Therefore the previous government returned and only one army officer was imprisoned for his role in the plot. Another threat from the Right included the assassinations caused during the years 1921-22 with an aim to destabilize the republic and therefore allow access for a Right wing group to take over. This posed as a real threat because they assassinated
Open Document