In Confucianism they believe people will follow their leader. On the contrary, Legalism, believes that people should not be given the choice to do good because if they have that choice it’s very unlikely they will try to do good. The law has to prevent people from doing any bad, and the consequences were very harsh, so that people will do the right thing. As you can see, they both have very different beliefs. But one thing they have in common is that they both want people to do good, and do the right thing.
57). If leaders of government imposed regulations on the people, he believed this would hamper society’s growth and the people would not maintain the highest level of happiness. This demonstrates a good leader should empower the people to become more independent and to instill trust in the people to make the right choice. Machiavelli, a totalitarian thinker, believed that a leader should maintain a dictatorship rule with complete power by any means necessary without regard to the people’s expectations. He states, “Hence it is necessary for a prince who wishes to maintain his position to learn how not to be good, and to use this knowledge or not to use it according to necessity” (38, ver.
A final strength of this proposition is that the humans are capable of using reason to work out how to live, and are therefore not in strictures by our passions or our genes. Natural Law has a direct purpose, for society to be peaceful and harmonious
Why might Confucian philosophy displease people who are creating an empire but appeal to those securely in power? If the government is based on Confucian philosophy, they will have earned the respect of their people by treating them with benevolence and kindness. Their people will know the laws and customs of their society and will be content and because of this will be supportive of their government. Those trying to create a government would have a harder job because an empire is not created without conflict, whether you are trying to take over another empire or create a new one. If you lived under the influence of new government with different rules and new ideas 3.
Assess the contribution of functionalist views to the understanding of the family Functionalism is a structural consensus theory. They believe society is held together by social consensus, or cohesion, in which members of society agree upon and work together to achieve what is best for society as a whole. Secondly, they view each aspect of society is independent and contributes to society’s functioning as a whole, similar to the functioning of a human body. Their view is primarily positive and believes that if everyone abides by their roles and expectations then society will continue effectively. Overall, I think the Functionalist view is too positive as it fails to explain the social conflicts that characterise the modern world.
The first question we have to consider when talking about socio-political power is: Why do they need this power? In A Brave New World the aim of the state apparatus is to preserve the stability of the hedonist society they have constructed. There is no dictator or oligarchy trying to accumulate power, since there is no opponent to fight against. For the sake of this stability they sacrifice, knowingly, passions, freedom and art. Mustapha Mond, one of the Controllers, sums up this preference: “But that’s the price we have to pay for stability.
Completing your duty also prevents illegal orders because leaders have no choice but to do what is right. Respect is to treat people as they should be treated with dignity and respect. That means no matter of gender, rank, culture, and religious belief everyone should be treated the same. Being a leader you must maintain an atmosphere of everyone being treated fairly. Selfless Service is to put the welfare of the nation, the Army, and subordinates before you.
Confucianism is characterized by a highly optimistic view of human nature and by the belief that humans are teachable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and communal endeavors. The social philosophy of Confucianism largely revolves around the concept of Ren, “compassion,” “benevolence,” or “loving others.” Essentially, Ren is humaneness, which is the quality of being a genuine human to other humans. As Confucianism teaches, compassion for others is the indication of a good person. The person who exhibits Ren exemplifies the ideal of what a human being should be and encourages others to strive toward it. Confucians associated the humane individual with the junzi, who served as the role models for the conduct of the Chinese people.
People had their own ideas of how they should be governor as a society and some people had a great deal of respect for their government in how they run their society. Laws or constitution were also set forth so that the people would be able to follow them. These laws were used to protect the people or sometimes inflict punishment upon those that were disobedient. A perception of a good government is the roles Leaders play in how they rule their society. Ptah-hetep, advisor to king Assa of the Egyptian, shares his concept of leadership in how a leader should not let power corrupt them in how they run their society, they should be respectful of the people but not lower themselves to that of a person of lower class (Document 1).
Therefore the law did not resolve conflicting interests but imposed the interests of one group over another. While this can still happen today it seems that the law does try hard to make sure everyone is satisfied and everyone’s interests are accounted for. Rudolf von Jhering said that the law is the main way of ordering society, his views was that the rights of the majority should take precedence over the individual. He said that society is made up of conflicting interests that cannot all be satisfied and that the role of the law was to balance them out so the individual conformed to the needs of society. Roscoe Pound said that interests are both individual and social and that conflicts are only resolved through considering them on the same level.