Thoughts Essay

359 WordsJan 1, 20092 Pages
The question of morality is no longer a question of pure philosophy; it is fast becoming an issue of science, and even a little scientific light on the subject seems to remove a lot of confusion. I am inclined to agree with the point of view which states that humans possess a certain ‘sense’ of morality as a result of our evolutionary past. Just like our capacity for language has been built in our brains by evolution and due to which the underlying deep structure of grammar is universal among all human languages, similarly our moral judgments have an underlying, deep moral grammar which is universal. All humans possess this moral sense. Good is what satisfies this moral sense; Evil is what does not satisfy this moral sense. (An analogy could be the sense of taste; food is tasty if it satisfies our sense of taste, it is distasteful if it does not.) The urge to do good is basically innate; we are programmed to be good. The majority of humans have a sense of right and wrong which surpasses cultural and religious barriers. Moral principles like ‘Do not do to others what you would not want them to do to you’ are a part of the ethical code of all societies. However, this moral sense can not only be influenced and modified, but also over-ridden by social and religious factors. The religious practices which go against the moral sense have to be preached with greater fervor and threat of punishment than would be necessary for practices which are in flow with the moral sense, and even then, most people can still feel a conflict between these two forces, even though they may choose to remain silent about it. For example, most people feel that it is wrong to kill an apostate just because he changed his religion, and yet, apostates are killed in the world. This is an example of religion over-riding the moral sense. (Taking the analogy, we might eat a food item which tastes

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