Thomas Jefferson Presidency Dbq Essay

911 Words4 Pages
Jefferson’s thoughts on the power of the president were the most affected by his rise to presidency in 1801, but his base morals of strong state governments and supporting the yeoman farmer stayed true. Jefferson wrote Kentucky Resolution using their rush in popularity, the Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which limited the freedom of speech, press and the rights of foreigners. The Democratic-Republican knew these acts were unconstitutional, but because there was no set path to take to overturn a law, Madison and Jefferson wrote the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, respectively, which introduced the idea of nullification. They proposed that states could decide whether a law obeyed the Constitution, and if a state decided it…show more content…
However, since Jefferson believed that the yeoman farmer could control the power of the government if he was self-sufficient, and that the United States would become an agricultural republic, Jefferson thought it was best if the country purchased the land. Additionally, the French, whom the Federalists sought to fight with, owned the land. Jefferson cut all internal taxes and government staff. He also reduced the army from 4000 to 2500 men and the navy from 7 to 5 ships. This eliminated all of the national debt. Jefferson signed the Embargo Act (1807). The Embargo Act was Jefferson’s response to the French and British attacks on US ships. Because of this act, US commerce stopped and a depression ensued. There was also much disregard for the embargo, so the Navy was deployed to enforce the embargo. This showed a great concentration of power in the presidency. Even more, this form of enforcement was seen as a disregard for the Fourth amendment’s protection against unreasonable search and seizure. When the USS Chesapeake was attacked by the British, Jefferson quickly stepped in and told Congress that they should not attack the British. Interestingly, Jefferson was a main opponent of the Proclamation of Neutrality (1793), which proclaimed neutrality in the French
Open Document