James Madison, was much known for composing the Virginia Plan and for guarding the endeavor to assemble a more grounded focal government. He was an exceptionally solid backer for a solid government. He accepted on the off chance that we had a solid government, we'd have the capacity to keep the states together much better. He needed the states to even now have the capacity to have their own thoughts and conclusions, yet all still be under a solid government which would keep and hold every one of the states together as
At the time, the states feared a strong central government, for this reason, the Continental Congress tried to give the states as much independence as possible. After the ratification of the Articles of Confederation the states pretty much governed themselves, they regulated their own interstate trade, they raised their own militia, and the Sovereignty resided in the
President Woodrow Wilson wrote “the he Constitution of the United States is not a mere lawyers’ document, it is a vehicle of life and its spirit is always the spirit of the age.” One must keep this fact in mind when comparing the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation. There was a vast difference in the “spirit of the age” when these documents were drafted. Coming on the heels of the Declaration of Independence and the war against England, and afraid of a dictatorship or a government that did not listen to its people, the Articles of Confederation (which will be referred to as AoC) were written it a way that gave more power to the states. The problem with this type of government was that it was too difficult to enact or enforce laws and the government could not collect enough taxes to support itself. I believe the Constitution did a better job of protecting liberties, specifically in the areas of the federal court system, representation of the people, and the levy of taxes.
Strict vs. Loose Interpretation of the Constitution Many argue what were the intentions of the Founding Fathers when creating the U.S Constitution. "Government big enough to supply everything you need is big enough to take everything you have. The course of history shows that as a government grows, liberty decreases," quoted Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson believed in a strict view of the constitution while he was an advisor.
During the period from which the drafting of the federal Constitution in 1787 and the ratification in1789, Americans were involved in passionate debate on ratification. Though the Constitution is the supreme law of the United States, it lays the framework for the organization of the United States Government and its citizens. But some felt that the Constitution did not protect the individual rights of citizen well enough, this brought around the Bill of Rights. During this period, the Federalist and the Anti-Federalist, which were the two different factions in contention for power of the government had different ideas of what the Constitution, Bill of Rights and powers of government should be. Each party has their own beliefs on why or why not these documents should or should not be passed and what power is justified.
An Exploration of the Fundamental Differences between Conservatism and Liberalism Introduction As far back as the American Revolution there were opposing ideologies or philosophies as to how our government should operate. On the one hand you had Torries who wished to remain British Subjects. On the other you had Patriots who wanted to break with England and start their own Country as Freemen. During the drafting and ratification of our Constitution you had the Federalist and the anti-Federalist. They represented two sides of the same coin, which is betterment of American society.
James madison said "hence a double security arises to the rights of people the different government's will each control each other ,and at the same time each will be controlled by themselves" which simply states that Federalism prevented tyranny by dividing the power between the nation and the state. With no one power having control over the other tyranny was prevented ,once delegates decided that Federalism would be the base of our government they went to work and decided that a separation of powers was the next step. ("Wikianswers.com") In the beginning stages of fixing this issue it was said that "The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny." (James Madison)("Wikianswers.com"), which in a nutshell means that to much power can not be placed in the hands of an individual or a group because either way it's tyranny. In oder to prevent this separation of powers was brought into play with a set of checks and balances that prevented the legislative, executive, and judiciary each power over the other.
The founders of the Constitution were afraid to allow ordinary citizens to directly vote for the President. The founders feared that normal citizens would not be well informed enough to choose the right candidate (Weingast, 2007). Ideas were then shared among the founders at the convention on how to elect the President. These ideas included allowing Congress, Governors, or even state legislators choose the President (“Electoral College”, n.d.). These ideas were rejected as the framers of the constitution thought this would cause corruption and disrupt the balance of power between the branches of the federal government (Webster, 2016).
When our founding fathers met to discuss the possibility of severing ties with Great Britain, they each came for numerous reasons. Some were upset about taxation without representation or agreement, and others mainly concerned with the grievances committed towards them by the royal army at King George's command. No matter the reason, it soon became apparent that a new, separate government needed to be formed; Thomas Jefferson was to be the lead author of this document. Therefore, our Declaration of Independence was heavily influenced by British philosopher John Locke. You can see in the text of the document, and even in the list of reasons given to separate from Great Britain, Locke's words, ideas, and theories coming into play.
Nick Bennett AP US “Factions” DBQ After the American Revolution America struggled in ideas, compensation in debt, and compromising of ideas. The differences that many expressed made the division of government into two political parties inevitable. President George Washington warned that creating political parties would divide the American people apart. Despite his warning, two political parties arose from the different opinions expressed throughout politics. Hamilton and Jefferson’s plans differed opinionated, economically, and politically.