Thomas Hobbes Essay

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Ricky Bobby 1/25/12 Thomas Hobbes The English philosopher was born April 5, 1588 in Wiltshire, England. He is best known for his political thought. His vision of the world is remarkably original and still relevant to contemporary politics. His main concern is the problem of social and political order. He questioned how human beings can live together in peace and avoid the danger and fear of civil conflict. He poses blunt alternatives, “we should give our obedience to an unaccountable sovereign.” (a person or group empowered to decide every social and political issue). Otherwise, what awaits us is a “state of nature” that closely resembles civil war – a situation of universal insecurity, where everyone has a reason to fear violent death and where human cooperation is all but impossible. The basis for Hobbes’s conception of the state of nature resides in his pessimistic views regarding the nature of man. Hobbes believed human nature was completely conceited and, ultimately, man lacked compassion or regard for fellow human beings. While a person has no concern for anyone else, each individual is only interested in obtaining what he or she desires and is primarily driven by glory, insecurity, and competition. In getting one’s happiness, they have to use his or her power through intense competition for limited resources. Hobbes believed that in the state of nature man was essentially equal in terms of power, and in that, every person had the ability to kill. According to Hobbes, governments were created to protect people from their own selfishness and evil. Hobbes was in favor for the rule of a king because he felt a country needed an authority figure to provide direction and leadership. But because people on cared about their own interests, Hobbes believed democracy, allowing citizens to vote for government

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