The Hudson River School was a group of painters established what is considered the first true tradition of landscape painting in the United States. Hudson River School Artists existed between the 1820s and the late nineteenth century. Their paintings mainly included scenes of the Hudson River Valley and the nearby mountains of New York and Vermont, but also show cased far-flung sights around the world. Hudson River School painters created artworks showing meticulously rendered details and an almost religious reverence for the magnificence of the American wilderness. (Purple Mountain Majesty) Through their works, the Hudson River School artists set about the task of re-creating the unique beauty of the American landscape for the public.
This created the emergence of a common musical style. Composers started quoting American hymns, spirituals, jazz, popular music, and traditional song and dance. The question now was which genre of composition would be used to show off this new American style. Composers and critics both agreed that the symphony would be used to compose the greatest American work. The symphony was chosen because symphonies are the “supreme testing ground for greatness.”
The notion that America was exceptional would continue to be re-created again and again on the frontier. The frontier was closely related to the myth that sustained the American faith, the ideals and images that represent the American Dream as well as America as an exceptional nation. The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development. In his thesis, the frontier created independence and liberty, breaking the bonds of custom, offering new experiences, calling out new institutions and activities. According to Turner, he felt the frontier is the “line of most rapid Americanization.” Ultimately,
As a result, Jefferson, Montesquieu, Locke, and other members of the founding generation were deeply influenced by this 18th-century European intellectual movement. These philosophers were exposed to some of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment who believed rational thought and useful knowledge guaranteed an optimistic outlook of hope and promise of a better future. Not only that, but the many culminating revolutions that revolved - the Scientific Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, etc. - as well as a great environmental awareness were many factors as a result of the Enlightenment. Jefferson drew upon his education in law and Enlightenment philosophy in order to compose the Declaration of Independence, a treatise that focused on liberty and slavery.
His elements allowed the US to establish a thriving navy that would grow to be successful. Mahan’s strategies and ideas influenced the Western World in the way they ran their Navy. Works Cited "Alfred Thayer Mahan." FactMonster. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2007.
The influence of these two movements with the emphasis of Surrealism on automatism and revealing the unconscious through visual and literary images, brought the new artistic developments of Europe into the Cuban artistic community. To this influence of the Cuban art scene, Luna added his encounters with the great masters of mural art and Mexican artists including Rufino Tamayo, Jose Guadalupe Posada, Francisco Toledo and others. He cites the importance of Tamayo, especially for his ability to adhere to tradition while remaining contemporary. The etchings of Posada are easily connected to Luna’s use of the “Guajiro” figure seen in most of his work. The “guajiro” with his hat, cigar and mustache is portrayed as a man of simplicity and dignity, a hero of “close to earth” Cuban life, a man of the
Some believed that Oregon would offer them a better life, a place where they could make their fortune. For others, the mere promise of adventure was incentive enough to move west. Pure and simple patriotism also motivated a great many who joined the Oregon movement. The Oregon Territory was claimed equally by both the United States and Great Britain. However, England dominated the region economically.
The European presence in Egypt attracted Western travelers to the Near and Middle East, many of whom captured their impressions in paint or print. In 1809, the French government published the first installment of the twenty-four-volume Description de l'Égypte (1809–22), illustrating the topography, architecture, monuments, natural life, and population of Egypt. The Description de l'Égypte was the most influential of many works that aimed to document the culture of this region, and it had a profound effect on French architecture and decorative arts of the period, as evidenced in the dominance of Egyptian motifs in the Empire style. Genre painting, the prevalent form of Orientalist art in the nineteenth century, was greatly influenced by artists' direct experience of everyday life in Near Eastern cities and settlements. Related Timelines (13) Primary Thematic Essays (4) Other Thematic Essays (34) Maps (4) Index Terms (32) Share Some of the first nineteenth-century Orientalist paintings were intended as propaganda in support of French imperialism, depicting the East as a place of backwardness, lawlessness, or barbarism enlightened and tamed by French rule.
This left the American artist in a state of limbo, and the 19th century saw a philosophical battle for the soul of the artist exemplified through the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne and Ralph Waldo Emerson. In Hawthorne’s piece “The Artist of the Beautiful” and Emerson’s essay “Art”, one can see the conflict of whether or not the artist would have a place in America, whether or not they will be like the European artist, and how the artist will have to change and adapt in such a fledgling democracy. Hawthorne began work on “Artist of the Beautiful” in 1844, shortly after his wife Sophia had their first child, Una. He and Sophia were to have a child before Una, but she miscarried after slipping on ice near their home, the Old Manse. Before this miscarriage the Hawthorne’s viewed themselves as Adam and Eve, walking in their own Eden, and considered this miscarriage as their own original sin and expulsion from perfection.
However, architecture not only shows the significance of someone or something, it can be seen as an art form. Dan Rice, an artist of the 19th century once said, "There are three forms of visual art: Painting is art to look at, sculpture is art you can walk around, and architecture is art you can walk through." Architecture can be seen as the most important art form because it is something you can experience and be a part of. Whereas when a person sees art pieces and sculptures, a person is just and outside figure. Past civilizations, such as the Romans, have influenced Medieval architecture and from that it has innovated and evolved into a new style, which would be known as Gothic.