Many people have contributed to society in a major degree, but others have reformed the world. The printing press caused both reformation and exploration to different extents. Reformations from the invention of the printing roses include the creation of a new religion, Lutheranism, more books being made which in turn increased literacy rates, and it increased the cultural diversity. The exploration effects caused by the printing press were that voyagers were able to keep documentation of their trips and be able to reproduce their results for many people to see and it also allowed map makers to increase the accuracy if their drawings. The printing press cause many reformations.
During the Renaissance, there were many scientific advances and discoveries. Weapons and armory also improved to help soldiers fight. The Renaissance Period started around the fourteenth century and ended around the beginning of the seventeenth century. New information was rediscovered by Christian scholars due to the growth of trade and crusades (Centers of Inventions ?). The West learned many things from Arabian thinkers who had a much greater level of scientific success.
Excited by this new technology, the railway was viewed as the realization of Columbus’s dream, ‘the marriage of continents, climates and oceans. Not only did the railway spur great economic growth but also formulated new types of music, art, books and poetry.
The arrival of Euorpean traders in the 1500's made the Chinese government nervous and as a result, isolated the people for fear of cultural changes. However, because of the high demand for goods, trade continued to take place illegally. When the dynasty collapsed and the Manchus took over, trade was controlled overseas. In the Qing Dynasty, trade made for a huge population growth in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Trade with America caused this growth through their introduction of new crops to China.
This, of course, caused changes in the Americas. 1. In West Africa (coastal rulers served as the link bet the Europeans and the slaves) increased centralization bc the trade created powerful kingdoms, slavery also destroyed existing trading patterns and hurt local manufacturing 2. It benefited the Europeans so the powers fought to control it – The Dutch replaced the Portuguese, then lost out to the English, but GB monopoly ddnt really last bc independent traders became pop 3. Bc of the competition over the slave trade, GB looked for new sources of revenue – the colonies Mercantilism and the Navigation Acts It was believed that there was a finite amount of wealth in the world and govts had to control production and competition in order to gain the upper hand It developed into the belief that colonies could extend the amount of wealth available and that countries should exploit their colonies to provide cheap labor and raw materials, which could be processed and then sold back to the colonies at a profit Navigation
Mongol Invasions also affected the Silk Road, as well as the empires within it; they disrupted Chinese trade through their invasions, and spread disease throughout the road as well, leading to a decrease in Silk Road productivity, as well as losses to all empires within the trade due to disease. Another change included the transfer of philosophies, knowledge, and innovations. Some years after the Second Warring States Period, a major spread of Buddhism occurred, spreading from N India all over Asia through the Silk Road. Besides this, a spread of knowledge, having to do with math, science, and astronomy spread from the Gupta Empire to China, Europe, and all other partners along the road. Naval Innovations such as the compass from China, the lateen sail and the astrolabe from Islamic Empires, as well as other technology such as gunpowder and the printing press from China were also a new product of the Silk Road.
We learn from other background knowledge that the invention of the printing press was a turning point, it enabled books, scripts, drawings to not only become published, but also to be shared on a more global level as well as being physical proof which allowed for generations of improvements such as some of Galen’s previous work to then later be corrected by Vesalius’s drawings and explanations. Sources 2 and 5 show us the improvements in terms of quality and attention to detail such as proportion, also with the increasingly popular production of the printing
In early history, gunpowder provided leverage for military conquest. Today, we use gunpowder in fireworks (another invention of the ancient Chinese), military purposes to defend our country, rockets, and bullets for guns just to name a few. There are many more applications for gunpowder in today’s society. Today we use paper for our newspapers, books, post-its, notebook and journals. Paper is a major form of communication in today’s society.
(Document D). The following support of how it improved communication is when Columbus also took advantage of the printing press by writing a letter on his return voyage from the Americans. Columbus sent the letter to Barcelona in 1493, then to Valladolid, Rome, Florence, Strasbourg, Paris, and Antwerp.
Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange is named after the European explorer, Christopher Columbus, who discovered the new world. Beginning after Columbus’ discovery of the new world in 1492, there was a period of many exchanges between the new and old worlds. The Europeans and Native Americans exchanged plants, animals, and diseases. As a result of these exchanges the political, economic, and social systems of the Native Americans, Spanish, English, and Africans were impacted both in a positive way and in a negative way. Native Americans would feel many negative effects of the Columbian Exchange.