But what really makes the Dutch East India Company so unique is its commercial semi-capitalist practices that were implemented in the Early Modern Era and how it influenced the creation of the VOC. In this paper, I will begin by analyzing the Dutch transition from an agrarian feudalist economy to a market/commercial capitalist society. Secondly, I will describe the means by which this economic transition gave birth to the Dutch East India Company and how weak opposition helped the Dutch conquer the Indonesian archipelago.
Oh Ken Kesey, You’re Cuckoo. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, with its meaningful message of individualism, was an extremely influential novel during the 1960's. In addition, its author, Ken Kesey, played a significant role in the development of the counterculture of the 60's; this included all individuals who did not conform to society's standards, experimented in drugs, and just lived their lives in an unconventional manner. An issue of Time Magazine during this decade recalled Ken Kesey’s novel to be, “A roar of protest against middle brow society’s rules and the invisible rulers who enforce them.” (Lehmann-Haup) This protest would be the main mind set of the upcoming 1970s generation in America. Once an LSD consumer, Ken Kesey, defines the importance of freedom throughout his world renowned Post-Modern novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.
Both societies are under a ruling body of civilization and power of control. The characters from both the novel and the movie are in the process of finding a discovery within each society. The consequences are severe if they are found to be against the powers that be which include persecution. Anthem and The Island, tend to live upon a very mysterious lifestyle with missing components they are unknown throughout life. The comparisons are shown through the following six types of categories that strongly represent the trends of similarity throughout the novel “Anthem” and the movie “The Island”.
For those who are forced to learn this other’s culture, and take it as its own, it works the same as a slavery of mind, an imprisonment within a stranger’s head, as if your own thoughts were not right anymore. In some cases, the imposition of the domineering culture is so strong that can result in an erasure of any cultural identity of a society, being left only the new adopted parameters. Such impressions are what can be found in the works of Jamaica Kincaid’s On seeing England for the first time and Sandra Cisneros’ No speak English. The aim of this paper is to point out how these features are presented in each author’s text, and to help understand these works as a direct reaction to this process of cultural dominance. For that, it is necessary, first, to know the origins of each author – from where they are, and where they live –, to, from that, understand to what exactly they were reacting for, along with their personal history, which are very present in the stories.
Book Review The Many Headed-Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic A huge portion of America’s history is shrouded in mist due to most historians only interested in glorifying the triumphs of our “founding fathers” instead of the efforts of the people below them. Authors Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker attempt to bring to light the slaves and other lower class citizens; and the arduous conditions they had to endure to satisfy their superiors or slave owners. They believe these diverse groups of individuals were “essential to the rise of capitalism and the modern, global economy” (Peter and Rediker 6-7). This book is a significant contribution to the darker side of America’s history, giving credit where it is due (7). The title of the book refers to a creature from Greek mythology, a “many-headed” serpent.
In the book, “The Earth of Mankind,” by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, it talks about a young Javanese boy journey through love and heartbreak. With historical ties the writer, Proameodya Ananta Toer, was able to convey the point of view of a young Javanese boy’s experiences in the unjust life in Java. In the 19th century, a unique society has taken its place in Java, Indo’s. Dutch, Natives, and Hapa’s, which are mix-bloods, intertwine in a unique culture shown in the novel, “The Earth of Mankind.” In the 19th century, Java is ruled by a Sultan and a sultans power can reach in far places therefore he cannot take charge of all of them at the same time, so he appoints someone to govern the land, that someone is called a “Bupati,” a bupati is a Native Javanese official appointed by the Sultan to administer a region. Most bupaties could lay some claim to noble blood.
Graves’ thesis in his article about the Western ‘race’ idea, postulates the origin of racial reality as a socially constructed proposition and lacking any true biological or primordial properties required for a rigidly taxonomic classification of human populations. Graves begins by vaguely alluding to some precursory historical takes on the subject, mainly his own, repeatedly citing himself as a reference from a previous publication. According to the author, both the concept of race and any subsequent taxonomy theories “were inextricably linked to social changes resulting from the European voyages of discovery”. As European explorers, warriors, colonial governors, etc. economically operationalized the world for their expansionist monarchs from the 16th to the early 19th centuries, an enslavement and conquest of native populations created a hitherto nonexistent system of
Pirates developed their own tactics of survival, setting forth goals hoping to accomplish and live a life similar to those in power at the time. The majority of societies who are in power impose doctrines that they call law, even though the majority of the said population suffers at trying to meet this set of guidelines causing subcultural societies to develop. With that being said, I will elaborate more in detail in the upcoming sentences to validate my stance. Rediker’s Villains of All Nations brings forth the lives of lawless rebels for examination of this era of piracy. The
The era of the trans-Atlantic slave trade was a defining period in the demographic, social, political, and economic development of four continents. While Western European states were able to consolidate their domestic identity and power through the exploitation of the global system of trade, the effects on West African and Caribbean societies were far more destructive. In many regions of Africa, especially on the western coast, the political landscape and societal organization were reworked into highly militarized states based on the export of human labourers. In the Caribbean region, caste/class slave societies arose in which the enslavement of the overwhelming majority of the population was enforced by law. In both cases, the slave trade worked to undermine the legitimacy of political institutions and sustain large gulfs between the interests of the ruling classes and those of the common people.
These reserves became the basis for Apartheid; they became forcibly settled and segregated cheap labor rings. Africans and Europeans were strictly to purchase and lease land in respect to their own ethnicity. In opposition to these outrageous laws was the South African National Native Congress, which became later known as the African National Congress led by none other than Nelson Mandela. In the late 1940s, throughout the continent Africa began to see plans of reform that increased the representation of the African population. However, in South Africa European dominance continued as union legislative and executive positions were restricted only to the whites further solidifying their power over the state.