Effectively the act benefited the middle classes, who were now given an electoral voice in parliament, while the working classes were largely ignored, causing widespread anger and resentment for the act, and all those it benefited. The huge number of working classes wanted to be represented, and the act was yet more salt in the wound. If you were to gather up dates for the most widespread Chartist appreciation in Britain and put this on a graph alongside the economies peaks and troughs, the results would no doubt roughly mirror each other. For Chartism excelled during times of economic disturbance, particularly the late 30’s. This ran alongside the blossoming industrialisation of Britain, areas such as Stockport and Cheshire undergoing radical change were often the strongest supports of Chartism.
In agreement with these views, source 5 similarly points out that the crisis “did not destroy the political balance at home”. These idea can be backed up by the fact that the Conservatives won the following election in 1959, whilst being lead by Eden’s replacement, Harold Macmillan in 1957; during this time the conservatives were far more affluent and popular than the labour party. Moreover, evidence for lack of political effect grows, as source 5 argues that Eden stepped down as Prime minister “as a result of ill health” rather that being removed from power due to the outcome of Suez. Arguments for his ill health can be supported as Eden lived on a mixture of pills to control his pain as he had never properly recovered from an operation in 1953, and following doctor’s advice to rest, went on holiday in Jamaica. Furthermore, with the help of R.A Butler and Heath, Macmillan quickly took control of the party and began the recovery process for the problems caused by Suez.
This can be seen when looking at the two most powerful Prime Ministers in the post war era; Thatcher and Blair were in differing ways removed from their parties. Both Prime Ministers won three general elections and aspired to stay in office longer than they were able to. Thatcher faced a leadership challenge from within her party and while Heseltine got less votes than her, her cabinet made it clear to her that she had lost authority and that she should resign. She went on to describe this as ‘treachery with a smile upon its face’. Slightly less dramatically, Tony Blair faced a large rebellion in September 2006 led by ministers such as Tom Watson that forced him to promise to step down after a year had passed.
After 3 months, Clinton finally sent in aid and troops, yet faced a mass amount of criticisms for their non-response to the genocide, as his actions were deemed ‘too little, too late’. These two international policy failures were important as it made Clinton appear to be indecisive in international issues, making him a dovish President and as a result of this, the president’s disapproval ratings raised to 49% from 38% at the beginning of the year, highlighting his inexperience and weakness as a President. On the other hand, Clinton did have some international policy successes, most notably through
Some people blame this loss of faith in democracy on Watergate and Vietnam; however the doubt in government began before these events. Other people believe that the quality of politicians has declined over the past 25 years, and others believe that the quality has increased and that a bad system is to blame for the doubt, as the fall in public trust began shortly after the increase in public contact with political institutions. Democracy, in America, is merely part of a political structure; within this structure are many institutions that precede democracy. Democratising these institutions creates indirect democracy, for example Americans choose who will legislate for them, not create the legislation themselves. In the 60’s and 70’s the American government was subject to assault.
1912 – 2012 - Kathryn Wallen The year 1912 was an incredibly memorable year even though 2012 seems to be having some even more interesting memorabilia still to come. Both economies were rough in 1912 and 2012 but there are some great differences. Events took place that was both tragic and exciting. Also, women were not being perceived equivalent as men. Fashion was a very popular thing in 1912 but it has become extremely different to what we wear presently.
“Constitutional reform since 1997 has not gone far enough.” Discuss. After the Labour party’s strong victory in the 1997 general election, winning 179 seats, they have made moves and provisions towards constitutional reform. Indeed, the two prime ministers; Tony Blair and Gordon Brown have done much for reform over the years, as illustrated by devolution and the human rights act. However, it can be argued that their reform has been limited, and much more can be done for constitutional reform. I believe that constitutional reform has not gone far enough.
For many life improved and there were jobs available in many new industries, like car manufacturing, electric goods etc. These factories were much more modern then old Victorian factories and the conditions were improving too. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 triggered a deep and lasting decline in the world economy. The British economy was badly affected by the Great depression as there was already high unemployment and stagnation in traditional staple industries such as ship building and textiles. However, with there being such regional differences between the north and south in Britain, the social and economic impact of the Great Depression on Britain as a whole was extremely uneven.
To what extent and in what ways does the ageing population present potential challenges for modern societies? The population in Britain has an ageing population due to a mixture of declining births and life anticipation. This trend is being quite worse by unavoidable retirement from the so called baby boom generations which will occur over the next few decades. The so called baby boomers have been born from the first few decades form the second world war and now its time for them to retire or some may have retired. During this period of time there have been around seventeen millions births which have been recorded in Britain itself.
They turned the tables and 338,000 men were saved. It can be seen as a disaster because out of the 338,000 men saved 139,997 were French, so for British morale that wasn't very good. Also even Winston Churchill said, "Wars are not won by evacuation". Some would say that Britain still lived to fight another day that is also an important point. I will try to come to a conclusion based on my own knowledge and some sources.