Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Essay

2723 WordsMay 28, 201311 Pages
THINKING SKILLS AND PROBLEM SOLVING TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 The SWOT Analysis 3 2.1 Definition of SWOT 3 2.2 The Job Analysis Based on SWOT 6 2.3 Decision Making Motivation Based on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs 8 3.0 The Rational of Preferred Job 11 4.0 Conclusion 12 Reference Lists 13 1.0 INTRODUCTION Every day in our live we have to solve any problems that come our way.As such making a good decision is an essential skill for personal and career success. This is also an important criteria to be an effective leadership. If we can make timely and well-considered decisions, then we can often lead ourselves or our team to success (Haresh Kumar Kantilal & Anton Espira, 2008). A good decision is not only influenced by the experience, efficiency and skills of the decision maker but also the adequacy and validity of the information obtained that are related to the decisions required (Abu Mansor et. al., 1999). Decision making is the process of choosing what to do by considering the possible consequences of different choices (Von Winterfeldt & Edwards, 1986; Beyth-Marom et al., 1991 as cited in Haresh Kumar Kantilal & Anton Espira, 2008). Although decision making seems simple, however, to ensure that the decision made is the best, it must be rational. This means the decision has to be based on facts, opinions and reasonable reasons. Systematic evaluations have to be conducted in the overall process of decision making. As such making a rational decision can be defined as a systematic process of defining problems, evaluating decision alternatives and selecting the best alternative decisions availableand implement them.Generally, decisions that are made based on facts and opinions are the best decisions (Williams, 2000). This is one of the important duties of a manager. For this paper,
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