Prison Term Policy Recommendation In the past decade many states have reviewed current laws governing prison term policy for individuals convicted of armed robbery. State and local legislators felt that a need to double the prison term would deter future crime from being perpetrated. Although many civic leaders throughout the criminal justice and penal system support the measure, is their sufficient and conclusive data to support such measure. According to "The Free Dictionary.com" (2012), Armed robbery is defined as, the taking of money or goods in the possession of another, from his or her person or immediate presence, by force or intimidation. The goal of the bill is to increase the prison term for those who commit an act of robbery while in the possession of a deadly weapon.
If the prison term were doubled, what would happen to the rest of the inmates? If space is needed for other individuals committing different crimes, will current inmates be released into society without properly having been rehabilitated? What if the inmates become more aggressive toward the correctional officers due to their prison term having been doubled? These are all very big factors to consider before making a final
Desmond LeSure Professor Bolton ENGL 1020 19 April 2012 “Is the Three-Strikes Law fair and ethical?” There are individuals who were known as habitual criminals who constantly repeated the cycle of committing a crime, getting arrested, and eventually getting released. In 1993, Americans noticed that this was very costly to the public because the process of arresting and trying these criminals was expensive. American tax payers were beginning to become concerned with this issue and wanted something to be done about habitual offenders. Society is pushing the issue that it was more logical to keep repeat criminals in jail and not release them to commit more crimes. Politicians listened to society and executed a law that would put an end to
In addition, Swedish prisons are now housing a growing number of "hard-boiled inmates from Eastern European countries," including a number of prisoners convicted on drug charges and a "record number of prisoners serving life sentences" (Alvarez, 2005). Although Rodstroem's plan for a bunker-like prison has been dropped, Sweden is planning to "upgrade the maximum-security wings of three prisons and to convert a fourth prison to high security" (Alvarez, 2005). The prison service has also developed new methods to curb escapes, most of which focus on reducing contact between prisoners and contacts outside the facility; the methods here include jamming calls on smuggled cell phones (Alvarez, 2005). The service also plans to rethink its longstanding policy, which is common in most European prisons, of having the guards intermingle closely with the prisoners (Alvarez, 2005). The theory is that when the inmates get to know the guards, and vice versa, the two build a relationship of trust, which also allows the guards to
“Three Strikes” or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Exam Whitney Polen CJ 602: Comprehensive Examination Kaplan University July 31, 2014 Dr. Patricia Drown Introduction The “three strike”/habitual offender’s legislation needs to be consistent through all of the states. What it will take to understand why some offenders feel they need to repeat this criminal activity, having legislation that will work against these repeat offenders, because not all states are on board with the three strike law. Once someone is labeled a habitual offender and they commit a crime there are increases in the penalties they can be assessed. The type of crimes these offenders commit can also be ranked in a more serious class than if a first time offender had committed it. The sentencing can also add more time when a habitual offender commits a crime.
The three strikes law was implemented in 1993, it was created to act as a strong deterrent as well as to identify and incarcerate habitual offenders by enforcing minimum sentence lengths. The advocates of the law propose that it keeps violent and serious criminals behind bars therefore reducing crime rate. Those opposed suggest it overfills our prisons with aging criminals that eventually hamstring our economy. Overall I believe the three strikes law does more good than harm, and Ill examine articles that go deeper into these matters. According to Eugene H. Methvin, a large portion of violent crime can be prevented with an effective strategy of identifying and incarcerating the individual, keeping him/her off the streets; saving society much
Treatment Versus Incarceration Anthony Williams Ivy Tech Community College Treatment Versus Incarceration One of the most controversial points in America is the debate about Treatment versus Incarceration. We have sectors that seem to believe that you cannot treat and rehabilitate an offender. This sector, which is the Justice System of this country, simply states ‘build more prisons’. We have come to a time where there are so many prisons in some states that it is considered a vital source of income for that state. As we will soon learn, if we do not put some type of behavioral modification program in place we will continue to have the problems of prison overcrowding.
Brendan Cardaci Professor Melvin Jarrett ADJ 211 5 February 2012 Recidivism Recidivism is defined as the behavior of a repeat or habitual criminal, a measurement of the rate at which offenders commit other crimes, either by arrest or conviction baselines, after being released from incarceration. There are many factors believed to contribute to the likelihood of recidivism. These variables include but are not limited to: deficits in education, employment, housing, and adequate treatment and support programs to help inmates successfully reenter society. Although they vary from state to state and there is no national average statistics research shows that there has been a large increase in recidivism in just about all of the 50 states. According
Explain how mandatory sentencing breaks the Separation of Powers Doctrine. Mandatory sentencing infringes upon the separation of powers doctrine because deprives the judiciary of its independence, this results in unfair punishments being handed down to the people of the State and the judiciary simply becomes a political tool for the government. Mandatory sentencing is where people convicted of certain crimes must be punished with at least a minimum number of years in prison. Mandatory sentencing limits the judicial discretion. Judicial discretion is the power granted to the judiciary through the separation of powers allows the judiciary to freely decide what is to be done in particular circumstances.
Unfortunately, our society has resorted to the use of plea bargains due to the expenses of a jury trial. Pros and Cons of Mandatory Minimum Sentencing To every situation or argument there is a list of pros and cons. The following are a few of the arguments for and against mandatory minimum sentencing. Pros: (1) Keep judges from giving useless sentences, such as probation for child molesters, (2) The potential cost of committing crimes is clearly laid out, which may actually deter someone who is aware of those minimums, (3) They can also help reduce the case load at courts through plea bargains. Cons: (1) Disproportionately affect minorities, (2) Increase prison population, (3) eliminates judicial discretion so the punishment does not always fit the crime.