n (3) Solutions of aqueous sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid react to form water and aqueous sodium chloride. co NaOH(s) → Na+(aq) + OH–(aq) ∆H1 = ? Chemistry with Vernier py In this experiment, you will use a Styrofoam-cup calorimeter to measure the heat released by three reactions. One of the reactions is the same as the combination of the other two reactions. Therefore, according to Hess’s law, the heat of reaction of the one reaction should be equal to the sum of the heats of reaction for the other two.
To perform this experiment, we will utilize emission spectra, titrations, and thermal gravimetric analysis, using knowledge from Experiments 10, 4, Titrations of Na2CO3 and NAHCO3 by HCl (hydrochloric acid) will be performed to determine the concentration of HCl, as well as the number of moles of HCl present within the sample of baking soda. As a result, we will be able to determine the molar concentration of HCl by determining its equivalence point (the point on the graph where the exact amount of rectant needed to perform a reaction has been added) from graphical analysis. Na2CO3(aq.) + HCl(aq.) ==> NaHCO3(aq.)
Both of these types of reactions can create either a hot or a cold pack, depending on whether heat is absorbed or released. An endothermic reaction is known to generate a cold pack because the heat and energy are absorbed from the environment while an exothermic reaction is known to produce a hot pack as a result of heat and energy being released to the atmosphere. This experiment is comprised of testing four different salts in order to see which ones will work the best for producing these hot and cold packs. These salts are ammonium nitrate, calcium chloride, lithium chloride, and potassium chloride. Not only will we determine which one is the most resourceful for creating these packs, but we will also consider how much it will cost to actually produce them for the Dystan Medical Supply Company.
Name: 6.03: Calorimetry Data and Observations: Part I: Insert a complete data table, including appropriate significant figures and units, in the space below. Also include any observations that you made over the course of part I. (4 points) I observed that when the metal is placed inside the calorimeter, it transfers heat to the water making the water increase temperature while the metal will decrease temperature. I also noticed that the system was the metal and the surroundings is the water, this is because the water is taking in the heat from the metal making the water warm. Metal Name Mass of Metal Volume of water Initial temp.
Simple and Fractional Distillation of Cyclohexane and Toluene Purpose: The purpose of this experiment was to become familiar with the processes of simple and fractional distillation. In this experiment a mixture of two volatile compounds, cyclohexane and toluene, were separated with the process of distillation. Distillation relies on each compound having distinct and separate boiling points. The pure products were analyzed with gas chromatography to determine the success of the distillation. Introduction: Distillation is the process of heating a liquid until it boils, then condensing and collecting the resulting hot vapors.
The chart of reactivity tells chemists the comparable reactivity of elements. An element higher on the list is more reactive than the elements below it and can replace all elements below it. Overall, knowing the types of reactions and reactivity of elements both help predict products of a reaction. It is only with an understanding of these principles can one execute the Copper Cycle Experiment, for the experiment requires a good understanding of how mass can be altered via these reactions, but never destroyed. The experiment was performed to evaluate the skills of an individual to perform some lab skills like filtration and decantation and use these skills to understand the concept of percent yield.
UNCW Honors Chemistry Lab #1- Laboratory Safety and Boiling Water Date Started: 8/26/11__________________ Date Completed __________________ Purpose: To determine the temperature at which water boils. To learn how boiling and melting are physical changes. Background Information/Observations: 1) Explain the most common scenario when you observe water boiling. 2) Explain how you could change the rate at which water boils. 3) Explain how you could change the temperature at which water boils.
These values can be determined by an apparatus which is called calorimeter. For every food that organisms consume, the fuel value of the food can be measured by a calorimeter. Likewise one could also use the calorimeter to find out the unknown metal. Purpose The purposes of the lab are to identify the unknown metal and calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction in kJ/mol HCl by using a simple coffee-cup calorimeter. Heat is released when combustion occurs in the calorimeter, causing a rise in the temperature of the water.
Liquids and Solids Purpose: The goal of this experiment is to be able to identify melting/boiling points of substances. We can then use these methods to identify unknown substances because of constants in melting/boiling points. Procedure: 1. Boiling Point a. Begin by adding 1 mL of rubbing alcohol to test tube and attach a thermometer to it.
In station B we tested the chemical reaction of decomposition; decomposition is the chemical reaction where the chemical compound is separated into elements or simpler compounds. In station C we tested the chemical reaction of double displacement; double displacement is the reaction where two compounds are replaced by two other compounds. In station D we tested the chemical reaction of single displacement; single displacement is when one compound is replaced by another compound. Each station is testing the law of conservation of mass by using each method in the lab. Purpose The purpose for this lab is to study the law of conservation of mass by using synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, and double replacement.