‘There Is No Such Thing as a Perfect Electoral System.’ Discuss, with Reference to Electoral Systems Based in the Uk

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Electoral systems are systems of voting, in which people are given a choice and vote for what they want. Electoral systems are mainly judged on whether they are representative, and therefore democratic and fair, whether they form strong governments, so manifesto pledges can be delivered, and whether they retain the MP-constituency link, which is necessary for the redress of grievances, clear representation and accountability. The UK consistently used First Past The Post up until a Labour government was elected in 1997 with an ideology that included modernising the constitution. However, some argue that Labour did this for political gain, so they would maintain strength. Due to this, some alternatives to First Past The Post are already used in the UK; Party List is used in UK European parliamentary elections, Single Transferable Vote (STV) is used in local, regional and European elections in Northern Ireland and for local elections in Scotland, and Additional Member System (AMS) is used in elections for the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly and the London Assembly. There are also two other electoral systems, not used at all in the UK, which are Alternative Vote (AV), as used in Australia, the Supplementary Voting System (SV), as used in London mayoral elections, and Second Ballot, as used in France. First Past The Post is the system that is used for general elections, and is a single member constituency system, and so retains the MP-constituency link. The country is divided into constituencies and voters vote once for the MP they want to represent their constituency. The candidate that gets the most votes wins, as only a simple majority is needed. An absolute majority of MPs (326) is needed for a party to form a government on their own, and this system has only failed twice in the 19 elections since 1945, which shows this system is likely to form a strong
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