Theory of Self Care Essay

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Higher National Graded Unit Stage 2: Developing As mentioned in the planning stage the activity that I have chosen is to give a bathing demonstration to Liz, a young first time mum, so that she not only learns the safest way to bathe, dress and change her baby Jack, but can also identify any skin problems and gain confidence in handling him. (du Plessis 2007) Liz had previously stated that she was afraid of her mother ‘taking over’ the care of Jack with her still being a teenager and living with her mum. Although she will accept help and support she wants to take care of Jack’s daily needs and look after him as independently as possible. Orem’s theory of self care actively promotes patients independence (Aggleton & Chalmers 2000), and especially relates to Liz and Jack because it states that as infants cannot look after themselves, the ability of the care giver to provide care with confidence and competence is included. My activity should go some way in helping Liz with this. As mentioned in the planning stage, Ainsworth’s attachment theory suggests that infants need to be able to form a bond with their caregiver in order to be able to form a bond with others as they grow up. (Personality Research 2003) Research by pregnancy-info.net (2009) suggests that daily care giving, including bathing and changing the baby, promotes bonding. When a strong bond is formed between the parent and child it is less likely that the child has unresolved conflicts in the psychosexual stages described by Freud that develop a fear of abandonment. This in turn could prevent the cycle of teenage pregnancies in this family. (MentalHelp.net 2010) The NMC code of conduct (2009)states that you must obtain consent before giving any treatment or care. Liz asked me to show her how to bathe her baby and I had her consent to use this activity for the graded unit, and my mentor gave me

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