Personality and cognitive factors, such as optimism and the tendency to view challenges in a positive or negative way, as well as social factors, such as the availability and use of social support, appear to influence how people adjust to trauma (Brewin, 2005). For example, both patient parents were drugs addicts who were not avaliable to her at an early age as she would have loved. This may have laid the foundation for her sucepitability to depression, as well as poor coping
Impact of ADHD on Siblings Abstract Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADHD, is a disorder that impacts an individual’s life in many aspects. The impact of ADHD not only affects the individual but also the parents and siblings. These impacts can cause disturbances to the people in the family and change the family dynamic altogether. Siblings suffer these adverse effects of ADHD in more ways than one leaving them to feel many emotions ranging from happy to mad. Introduction Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent disorders in childhood (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009).
Running head: PSYCHOANALYTIC FAMILY COUNSELING APPROACH Psychoanalytic Family Therapy Counseling Approach Linda Mario Liberty University 2012 COUN 601-B05 LUO Dr. Jenkins Abstract When a family’s environment becomes saturated with chronic conflict the members become unable to achieve a healthy balance and mutual respect. This turmoil needs to be neutralized rather than exacerbated, in order to gain mutual respect for all family members. Family therapy can establish the reduction of conflict among the family system. Sometimes a family member can be diagnosed with a disorder creating anger and resentment among members. The family members’ symptoms can be manifested through fear, anxiety and trepidation with in his or her unique story (Mesh et Al, 2006, ¶ 3).
Cognitive development vs. Attachment theory By: Carson Dixon This paper shows how people acquire separation anxiety when losing a partner in an intimate relationship. The way we handle that anxiety and how much is actually experienced has a lot to do with how one’s early childhood occurred. Problems during infancy lead to long-term problems, regardless of which theory one focuses on. The adult cognitive development focuses on how we shift from the mindset of right and wrong, to one of subjectivity and reasoning. The development is from birth to death and is explained in eight stages.
Unit 4222-220 Supporting individuals who are distressed. HSC 2012 1.1 Identify common causes of distress. Causes of distress can vary, and are different for each person. Common causes are: * Informed of a death or serious illness of someone close * Receive bad/worrying news * Serious worrying issues re: family, money * Reaction to behavior of others towards them * Find environment frustrating/restricting * Deprived of information and are scared * Anxiety about upcoming events * Unable to achieve targets set my themselves * Overload of family/work pressure 1.2 Describe signs that may indicate an individual is distressed. Signs that can indicate a person is being distressed can be easier to see if you have a close working
This supports Bowlby's theory of sensitive period. There was another study conducted by Stout, Stout conducted a study of Romanian orphans who had experienced severe conditions and found that they later suffered permanent psychological damage, including no ability to interact with people and increased aggression. Psychologists successfully showed the impacts of institutionalisation; a strength of Hodges and Tizards study was that it was longitudinal so the researchers were able to see how the institution affected the children over many years. However a weakness of this longitudinal method involves attrition, where many of the children may have left the study because they were well adjusted, therefore resulting in a biased remaining sample - children with pleasant behaviour are more likely to be adopted. Some research suggests that individuals who do not form a primary attachment within the early sensitive period are unable to recover, however, in the study of romanian orphans, one third recovered well therefore privation alone cannot explain negative outcomes.
These theoretical interests necessitated a sample of negative events related to work and finances as well as crises related to important social networks (e.g., friends, nuclear family, extended family). We used the research by Kessler and McLeod (1984) as a guide in developing negative event categories. The first four event types were concerned with negative changes that directly involved the respondents. The first of these involved 77 job disruptions (four items) during the past year such as being fired, laid off, or demoted. Difficulties with work were considered separately from financial problems (eight items) which included losses in income or debt problems during the past year.
Harm in context of health, safety, coping, and socio-economic inequalities. Attributes to an individual’s vulnerability to harm includes childhood trajectories related to poverty, malnutrition, poor parenting, neglect, abuse, and poor living environments. According to Mechanic and Tanner (2007), vulnerability, “is cumulative over the life course” and that “their adverse effects interact with later events in ways that increase the
Panic disorders -- overwhelming anxiety produces profound symptoms that are sometimes mistaken for critical illness such as heart attack, or severe organ distress perhaps caused by an imbalance in neuro-transmitters; treatment may involve antidepressant drugs and/or tranquillizers. Difficult to cure with a 50% recurrence rate 4. PTSD: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder occurs after exposure to a traumatic event (e.g. battlefield, severe accident causing loss of life...); a syndrome develops wherein the sufferer displays many cyclic symptoms that often mimic other illnesses (depression, neuralgia, deafness ...) Can affects as many as 8% of the population (US) and seems to be more prevalent in men than
* Tendency to cross addict Using other substances particularly when trying to control drug of choice. * Continuing use Despite progressively damaging consequences and repeated serious concerns of others.If three or more of these characteristics are in evidence, there is likely to be an addiction problem. | Codependency What is codependency? | In many respects codependency can be regarded as part of being human. Whether or not we grow up in an obviously dysfunctional family, most of us are exposed to some powerful, sometimes gross and sometimes subtle formative experiences wherein we feel that there is something about ourselves which is not okay.