Theory Critique: Crabbs And Hawkins

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Theory Critique: Crabbs and Hawkins Liberty University Summary of Content According Crabb, there are styles or methods of integrating psychology with spirituality. The first style is “Separate but equal.” This style suggests that spirituality and psychology are two separate entities and do not mix. Furthermore, this idea states “Scripture deals with spiritual and theological problems involving Christian belief and practice," and anything that is not a spiritual matter should be handled using secular psychology (Crabb, 177, p. 37). The second approach is “Toss Salad”. This approach is a blend of spiritual and secular beliefs (Crabb, 1986). The danger in tis style is that it fails to evaluate secular psychology…show more content…
Lawrence Crabb claims that the goal of counseling should be psychological and spiritual maturity. Counselors should also seek to assist their clients in reaching their full potential for a life of service. He explains that this accomplished through the counseling relationship. This relationship will vary from client to client. Despite the variations amongst all individuals, Crabb believed that it is important to “abstract a game plan” (Crabb, 1986, p.149) which can be applied to a wide range of situations. Crabb’s game plan is referred to as a seven-stage model. This model includes identifying problem feelings, goal oriented or problem behavior, problem thinking, and then changing assumptions, securing commitments, planning and carrying out biblical behavior as well as identifying spirit controlled feelings (Crabb,…show more content…
Hawkins on the other hand presented a different yet equally as informative model. His concentric circles model was an excellent way of explaining the human personality. Additionally, the checklist seemed to be a handy tool for ensuring therapeutic progress. Hawkins seemed to place a greater emphasis on how to help a client achieve spiritual and psychological maturity. He explained that all parts of the human function are addressed in the healing journey. Hawkins’ approach would be an appropriate technique to assist a client who is struggling with identity issues. A counselor could use it foster spiritual growth and psychological well being simultaneously. One of the principle ideas behind Hawkins’ theory is the use of a game plan that can be applied to a wide range of individuals. Everyone has different spiritual, psychological and otherwise general experiences. It may be difficult to find one game plan that fits every situation encountered. Both Crabb and Hawkins provide interesting insight into the realm of integrative counseling. While their ideas overlap and ultimately have the same goal, their execution methods are strikingly different. In the end, both theories provide valid, secular and spiritual guidance and their strengths certainly out-weigh their weaknesses. Depending on the circumstances each approach could be appropriately utilized and have

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