Theory Essay

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Theory can explain social change in many ways. Theory is a set of assumptions, propositions, or accepted facts that attempts to provide a plausible or rational explanation of cause-and-effect. Next social change refers to a modification in the social order of a society. This is when a society adjust to a set of norms or values that are appropriate to time, place, and setting. An example of this is in 1800 marijuana use was legal in the United States but now in 2012 it is not. You are looked up as deviant or acting out of the norm. George Casper Homans (August 11, 1910 – May 29, 1989) was an American sociologist, founder of the behavioral sociology and the exchange theory. This theory speculates that all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives. (Homan, 1958) An example, when a person thinks the costs of a relationship outweighs the apparent benefits, and then the theory says that the person will choose to leave the relationship. Exchange Theory has roots in economics, psychology, and sociology. Also it is tied to the rational choice theory. Homan dealt primarily with the psychological principles underlying social behavior. Although psychology was concerned primarily with individual behavior, Homans felt that the rules governing individual behavior were sufficient to explain all of social behavior. (Desfor, Applerouth 2008) At the heart of his theory was the idea that people acted to maximize their rewards in their social action. Thus, the act of maximization usually involved an exchange with at least one other person, although this exchange need not be-and usually was not-monetarily based, but rather was the exchange of approval or disapproval, reward or punishment. Peter Michael Blau (February 7, 1918 – March 12, 2002) was an American sociologist and theorist. Born in Vienna,

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