According to (Learning Theories.com, 2008), “Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. According to Erikson’s theory, every person must pass through a series of eight interrelated stages over the entire life cycle.” The eight stages to psychosocial development in one person’s whole life are Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair (Cervone & Pervin, 2010).
Running head: PSYCHOSOCIAL STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT PAPER Psychosocial Stage of Development Paper Name University of Phoenix PSYCH 504 Instructor December 18, 2011 Psychosocial Stage of Development Paper Erik Erikson was a psychoanalyst who developed the theory of psychosocial development. Erikson believed that the achievements and failures of early childhood stages influence the later stages whereas later stages modify and transform earlier ones (Erikson, 2011). Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial theory explains eight developmental stages in which “physical, cognitive, instinctual, and sexual changes combine to generate an internal crisis whose resolution results in either psychosocial regression or growth and the development of specific virtues” (Erikson, 2011, par. 1). Included in this paper will be an explanation of the eight stages of Erikson’s psychosocial theory, and the current stages of development that I am currently in.
Psychoanalytic theory was an enormously influential force during the first half of the twentieth century. Those inspired and influenced by Freud went on to expand upon Freud's ideas and develop theories of their own. Of these neo-Freudians, Erik Erikson's ideas have become perhaps the best known. Erikson's eight-stage theory of psychosocial development describes growth and change throughout the lifespan, focusing on social interaction and conflicts that arise during different stages of development. Much of Sigmund Freud’s work was obtained through case studies, Case Studies are an “In-depth” Study of one person, in a case study, nearly every aspect of the subject's life and history is analyzed to seek patterns and causes for behavior.
• Freud (Psychoanalytic):- He believed that the personality develops through a series of stages. The idea that early experiences affect adult life has importance for anyone caring for a child. He proposed that individuals are driven by motives and emotions of which they are largely unaware. He believed that we shaped by early experiences in life. Freudian thinking is deeply embedded in our culture and constantly influences our view of human nature, but his ideas are now widely
Perceptions of Self-Control: Locus of Control, Leaned Helplessness, and Self-Determination Adrian Gonzalez Social Psychology Professor Harry Fink Perceptions of Self-Control: Locus of Control, Learned Helplessness, and Self-Determination The world is in your hands. Where did my keys go? I’ll never find the right one. If I push myself, I know I will overcome. I bet you may have heard or even told yourself one of these statements at least once in your lifetime.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Patricia Faison Grand Canyon University PCN 605 July 4, 2012 Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Your life is the sum result of all the choices you make, both consciously and unconsciously. If you can control the process of choosing, you can take control of all aspects of your life. You can find the freedom that comes from being in charge of yourself. (Bennet, 1982) Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness that is characterized by persistent uncertainty in moods, behaviors, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. Borderline personality disorder is also considered a disorder that causes emotional dysregulation and can be a great factor in the disruption of the family, long-term plans, sense of identity and work.
Erikson believed that people need to be viewed consistently over time and that their identity needs us to conform to a groups ideals. There are eight stages of identity development, which start at birth and go on till late adulthood. Identity is considered a state people need to achieve. At each stage is a psychosocial crisis where "...What the child acquires at a given stage is a certain ratio between the positive and negative, which if the balance is toward the positive, will help him to meet later crises with a better chance for unimpaired total development..." (Erikson, 1959) Identity is therefore, in a perpetual process of development involving “a progressive resolution of .. normative crises between individual needs and social demands …” (Phoenix, 2007, p.53). Adolescents, the fifth stage, is crucial in identity development, during which the task is to achieve ego identity (knowing who and what one is and ones place in society), and avoiding role diffusion, (not finding a secure ego identity).
Even if the conflict of a certain stage is or is not effectively resolved, the person is influenced by both genetic motivation and the strains of society in subsequent stages. Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development reflects upon how the development of personality from childhood to adulthood is influenced by outside factors, parents and society (Boden, 2010 ). The following are the eight interconnected stages Erikson believed all humans must undergo over
Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality and development. Similar to Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. At each stage of development, Erikson described conflicts that act as turning points in life. Erikson’s Stages of Development Summary: An eight stage theory of identity and psychosocial development Erik Erikson (1902 -1994), a German-born American psychoanalyst.
Running Head: COMPARISON OF THEORISTS Comparison of Theorists Emma Jolley Grand Canyon University: PSY 255 March 3, 2013 Comparison of Theorists One of the most profound contributors to the science of Psychology was Seymund Freud. His work has withstood the test of time as being some of the most prolific, profound, though provoking, and astounding work of anyone in the history of psychology; however, not everyone agreed with all his concepts or everything he theorized. There were other contributors who utilized his work as a starting point for their own investigations and research into different areas of personality psychology. This paper will compare and contrast the work and theories of: Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson with the work and concepts of Freud. At the conclusion of this paper the reader will have a clear understanding of the work of all these theorists and the contributions they made to society.