Theories Of Society Essay

702 Words3 Pages
The functionalist perspective in sociology believes that behaviour is a result of socialisation rather than as a result of personal choice. This essay will look at what socialisation is and the two main types of socialisation, and how this occurs within the family during childhood and adolescent years, and continues throughout the education system and workplace. It will focus on the different sociological perspectives of functionalists, Marxists and feminists and the views they have on young people within society, in the different aspects of society listed above. So what is socialisation? According to dictionary online, Socialisation is the modification from infancy of an individual's behaviour to conform with the demands of social life (cited 01-02-12) It is also the process by which people learn characteristics of their group’s norms, values, attitudes, and behaviours. (Freebooks online)(cited 01-02-12) The two main types of socialisation are primary and secondary socialisation. Primary socialisation occurs between the individual and those people in their life with whom they have primary relationships. A primary relationship can be categorised as one in which the individual has close, personal, face-to-face contact. The first primary relationship that the vast majority of us form is with our parents or guardians with whom our first primary socialisation will occur. We call the people responsible for socialisation, agents of socialisation and by extension we can talk about agencies of socialisation such as the family, the education system, the workplace and so on. In this way the first agency responsible for primary socialisation is the family and the agents of socialisation are a child’s parents. Through primary socialisation a child learns things such as talking and walking as well as values such as the difference between right and wrong and how to
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