Some physical and psychiatric causes of secondary insomnia include depression, anxiety disorders, heart disease or Parkinson’s disease. Primary insomnia describes cases where insomnia simply occurs on its own, with no known cause, for more than one month. Primary insomnia may be caused by the developments of bad sleeping habits. An example of primary insomnia might be shift work insomnia where a person may well be attempting to sleep at times when their body clock tells them they should be awake. There are numerous subtypes of primary insomnia including; psychophysiological insomnia which is a form of anxiety-induced insomnia caused by a worry about getting a lack of sleep, idiopathic insomnia which is a lifelong sleeplessness and sleep state misinterpretation where people sleep adequately but feel they do not.
Thesis: Many of us think that sleep is a passive, constant and unchanging process. Yet, what we don’t realize that sleep is in fact a very active state, and there are different stages during the sleep through which we go through. Specific Purpose: I will inform the audience about 5 stages of sleep and the time we spend in each stage during our sleep. Intro:One of the most spread misconception about sleep is that sleep is just a matter of our bodies turning off for couple of hours , and then turning back on when we are awake. Many of us also think that sleep is a passive, constant and unchanging process.
Sleep deprivation occurs when a person does not sleep long enough to let the body rest and repair. This can lead to serious physical conditions that can be short-term or long-term effects on the body. If the body continually gets too little sleep in the long-term, life-threatening conditions can also occur. Droopy eyes, weakness and irritability are all symptoms expected from lack of sleep. If sleep deprivation is not solved, the body can long-term, serious conditions.
This is a respiratory condition that happens during your sleep. According to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, sleep apnea means “apnea that recurs during sleep and is caused especially by obstruction of the airway or a disturbance in the brains respiratory center.” According to Respiratory Care Journal, “it classifies sleep apnea as chronic illness.” There are three types of sleep apnea: 1) obstructive, 2) central and 3) mixed. a. Obstructive is the most common form of sleep apnea. According to Britannica Encyclopedia, “obstructive sleep apnea involves the collapse of tissues of the upper airway and is often caused by the fat in the neck area. b.
State of Consciousness: Sleep Deprivation Circadian rhythm is a regular biological rhythm with a period of approximately 24 hours and is fundamental adaptation. Circadian rhythm is associated with sleep deprivation because of many different factors. When circadian rhythms are disturbed it throws off our biological clocks and hormones, body temperatures, and digestive cycles. When you lose at least an hour of sleep every night, week after week and month after month it makes it more difficult for a person to pay attention and to remember things. It also causes the reaction time to slow down, sometimes behavior becomes unpredictable, ability to make decisions decline.
They are events we intentionally put forth time and effort even when it is cutting into our sleep time, though at times they are unintentionally overlapping into our sleeping. An example of a person who reduces their sleep is a security guard working the night shift. Many individuals in that line of work regularly have to work either late hours, or, work through the night when we are accustomed to be sleeping. Same goes with law enforcement officers, or hospital nurses, or basically any kind of shift work. Sleeping habits for people in these fields of work are commonly irregular and inconsistent, which have an impact on their health.
Discuss explanations of sleepwalking Introduction: Sleepwalking (somnambulism) is a condition where walking and sleeping occur at the same time, there are 3 explanations of sleepwalking: psychodynamic, neural and genetic. AO1 Psychodynamic: The psychodynamic theory suggests that sleepwalking is the expression of unresolved conscious conflicts. The sleepwalker is, in effect, ‘acting out’ repressed conflicts. The later finding that sleepwalking occurs during SWS was seen to support the psychodynamic theory, since the conditions of SWS are ideal for this to happen – the likelihood of recalling harmful repressed memories is minimal during this phase of sleep. AO2 Psychodynamic: The psychodynamic explanation of sleepwalking is supported by a case study (Abrams), it was suggested that the sleepwalking of the woman was a cry for help – the stealing being the reflection of her need to take control of her life.
Stage 1 sleep begins when sleep has just begun. During this stage, the EEG has irregular, jagged, low voltage waves. The overall brain activity has decreased from when awake but is still higher than other brain stages. In succeeding stages, heart rate, breathing rate, and brain activity decrease and slow, large amplitude waves become more common. There is also a stage of sleep called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
Apnoea is a disorder where people stop breathing while sleeping, the pause may last few seconds or minutes which may occur 5-30 times an hour. Other parasomnias include sleep walking and teeth grinding that increase the likelihood that a person experiences insomnia. Personality is another factor as high levels of emotional arousal increase the likelihood of feeling anxious. In one study is was found that insomniacs were more likely to internalise psychological disturbance rather than acting out problems or being aggressive (kales et al 1976). It is important to distinguish between primary and secondary insomnia because of the treatment you receive.