Theories of Intellegence Essay

899 WordsApr 8, 20134 Pages
1. Theories of Intelligence – Howard Gardner has a theory of multiple intelligence. Howard Gardner argues that each intelligence is distinct from each other and that each person has some level of each of these intelligences. Instead of focusing on test scores, Gardner believes that numerical expressions of human intelligence are not a full and accurate depiction of people's abilities. His theory describes eight distinct intelligences that are based on skills and abilities that are valued within different cultures. They are: Visual-spatial Intelligence, Verbal-linguistic Intelligence, Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence, Logical-mathematical Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Musical Intelligence, Intra personal Intelligence, Naturalistic Intelligence. Robert Sternberg's work focuses specifically on "street smarts" versus "school smarts." He believes that some people are talented in one of two areas, and not in the other. Robert Sternberg’s approach to the field of intelligence is somewhat like Howard Gardner's. However, Sternberg does not focus on specific parts of intelligence that are aligned with various academic disciplines. He is more concerned with helping people develop components of intelligence that will help them to so well in whatever they do. While Sternberg agreed with Gardner that intelligence is much broader than a single, general ability, he instead suggested some of Gardner's intelligences are better viewed as individual talents. Sternberg believes that intelligence can be increased by study and practice. Steinberg and Gardner are similar by believing that people are quite talented in one of these areas but not so talented in the other two. Although I agree a little with both, I agree most with Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory. We are all different, we learn differently and we're all good at something. His theory basically says that there

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