Theories of Dream Interpretation Essay

412 WordsJun 17, 20092 Pages
There are numerous theories of dream interpretation but only four are listed in our text books. I feel that these four theories are closely related to the main theories of psychology. The first theory is Freud’s Theory which states that a dream is the conscious expression of an unconscious fantasy or desire which is not possible for an individual to do in waking life. This theory is tied closely to the psychoanalytic approach because they both have to do with the influence of unconscious fears, desires and motivations on a person’s thoughts (dreams) or behaviors. The next theory is the Extensions of Waking Life which states that our dreams reflect our feelings, problems, experiences and fears that occur on a regular basis when awake. This relates with the Cognitive approach because when a person replays (in their dreams) what has happened throughout the day or a problem they are trying to cope with, this person is unconsciously trying to improve their memory or possibly trying to increase their decision making accuracy by using the cognitive theory. The activation-synthesis theory says that dreams are random events caused by the firing of neurons. It is saying that our dreams are nothing more than biological processes and that we have no control over what the dreams are about. This goes hand and hand with the biological approach which claims that our physical make up (our genes and DNA) contribute to how we think and act. The last theory, Entering the Spiritual World, I think has to do almost entirely with the cross-cultural approach. This theory is based on what a specific culture, the Inuit and other native people, believe and continue to pass down to the newer generations of their culture. As far as the reliability of dreams, I believe a little bit in each of the main theories of dreams. I believe that some dreams people have don’t have any meaning and are just

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