Theories Of Development In Africa

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TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction……………………………………………. 1 2. The concept of development……………………….. 2 3. Theories of development……………………………. 4 4. Development in Africa……………………………….. 4.1. African development challenges………… 4.1.1. Colonialism……………………………...... 4.1.2. Capitalism…………………………………. 4.1.3. Geography………………………………… 4.1.4. Corruption………………………………… 7 7 7 7 8 9 5. African development achievements………………. 5.1. Democracy…………………………………… 5.2. Multinational organisations………………. 5.3. Demographics………………………………. 10 10 10 11 6. Conclusion…………………………………………….. 11 7. References…………………………………………….. 13 1. INTRODUCTION The focus of development should, to an extent possible, include the type of life that people live. To the degree as development is concerned with…show more content…
In the past decade, despite the continuous global financial and food crises, Africa has grown at an unparalleled rate. Though it will take long for the growth to make an impact onto Africa’s poverty, there is currently a growing optimism about Africa’s potential. Africa has some of the most abundant untapped natural resources in the world especially oil, gas and minerals. In the recent past, there has been an extraordinary wave of political events which led to revolutions in some countries, and rousing discontentment across a number of other countries. These occurrences indicate that the growth experienced in Africa over the past decade, however important it may seem in the fight against poverty, is insufficient. A whole lot of Africans have not been included in its benefits. Growth can only be inclusive when it creates economic opportunities and ensuring equal access to them. But African growth has only just been concentrated in some sectors and some areas. Inequality has since become more distinct and more evident. The vast majority of African states is extremely poor, with concerns ranging from food security to health care to education being are substantial in many countries. It is extremely arduous to measure the level of development of any given state, so simply pointing out that many African nations form part of “the developing world” is somewhat…show more content…
However, fifteen of the African states are landlocked. These nations encounter an extra impediment to participation in the global economy. In order to facilitate import and export, over and above the infrastructure (roads, railways) they need international cooperation with neighbouring coastal countries to corroborate access to ports and shipping facilities. Consequently, the landlocked nations get generally behind in terms of development than their neighbours with coastal borders. The absence of geographical access to the sea presents persistent difficulties to growth and development of these nations and primarily hinders their ability to participate in the global trading system. This necessitates cooperation between African landlocked countries and their coastal neighbours by entering into bilateral agreements in order to facilitate international movement of goods. Yet many of the countries whose well-being has improved most in the past five years are in Africa. It is amazing though, that countries like Lesotho, Malawi, and Rwanda, landlocked as they are, have all enjoyed rapid growth in GDP per person. Not only that, they also did well in translating that growth into enhanced well-being, though not as rapid as in their coastal
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