Theories of Crimes Causation

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Theories of Crimes Causation Joanne, Bartlett CRJS105-1201B-10 AIU Online David A. Makin February, 26 2012 Theories of Crime Causation Sociological theories and practice are used to try and prove what the reasons why criminal commit crimes are. We must first know the different Theories of Crime Causation. Social control theory this theory predicts that when social constraints on antisocial behavior are weakened or absent, delinquent behavior emerges it asks why people actually obey rules instead of breaking them it stresses the idea that most social behavior is learned by the process of social interaction. This involves the learning of techniques of committing crimes and Motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes favorable to the violation of law. It supports that social controls, like arrest, imprisonment, loss of income, etc. increase the costs of violent behaviors. Strain theory in criminology, the strain theory states that social structures within society are more likely to encourage citizens to commit crime. The traits associated with individual strain are those traits of constraint and negative emotionality (Agnew et al., 2002), which when ‘provoked’ by strain, lead the individual to such emotions as anger and to delinquency and crime to relieve this anger. Also known as negative affect states (Seigel, 2003), these adverse emotions of anger and frustration can be controlled by most individuals, but coupled with those traits of low constraint and high negative emotionality in an individual, these individuals have trouble with controlling these negative affect states and delinquency is often the result when strain is added to their lives. Differential association theory this is a learning theory that focuses on what make an individual decide to come to commit criminal acts. Criminal behavior is learned by interacting and
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