Theories Of Creativity

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Introduction This paper compares and contrasts a handful of the various theories of creativity and how it should generally be understood and fostered by individuals and organisations. Creativity refers to when a person creates something new (a product, a solution, a work of art, etc.) that has some kind of value. Are you born creative and can you be taught how to be? The standard view of intelligence has been that intelligence is something you are born with; you only have a certain amount of it; you cannot do much about how much of that intelligence you have; and there are tests that exist that can tell you how smart you are (Checkley 1997, p9). The theory of Multiple Intelligences questions that view. Not everyone is strong in the same areas. Just as we look different on the outside, internally we learn differently. (Checkley 1997, p9) Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intellegences was proposed in 1983. It suggests that all people possess at least eight different intelligences that operate in varying degrees depending upon each individual. The seven primary intelligences identified by Gardner include linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, and intrapersonal intelligence. (Checkley 1997, p12) The eighth, naturalistic intelligence, was not part of Gardner's original framework but was added in 1996 to include those who excel in the realm of natural science. Gardner states that 'we can all get better at each of the intelligences, although some people will improve in an intelligence area more readily than others, either because biology gave them a better brain for that intelligence or because their culture gave them a better teacher' (Checkley 1997, p10). Gardner believes that a Multiple Intelligence strength should be drawn upon if
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