Theories of Communication Essay

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Theories of communication There are two types of communication theories, one of them is Argyle’s theory which involves the communication cycle and the other being Tuckman’s stages of group communication. According to Argyle (1972) we learn the skills of communicating. He said that skilled interpersonal interaction involves a cycle in which we have to translate or decode what other people are communication and constantly adapt our own behaviour to the appropriate mood and correct conversation format. Through this Argyle created the communication cycle this involves a code system that has to be translated and therefore through using the system interpret the other person’s behaviour and what it means. The cycle usually will have a basic 6 stages. For example in a one to one conversation is when a person wants to talk, it then becomes ‘coded’ which is the type of language you think will best suit the person, if needed it could be sign language. The message is eventually sent, either by speech or sign which is received by the individual through hearing or seeing the signs. It is then decoded and understood which is then fed back to the person through the same communication. ( Group communication has a lot to do with how people feel about each other or the topic and if they don’t agree on certain things or behaviour is wrong for the type of conversation being used then the conversation would not process. Tuckman (1965) based his theory of group interaction on four stages that everyone goes through in group conversations. According to Tuckman’s theory most groups go through a process of four stages. These are forming, storming, norming and performing. The first stage refers to people first meeting and sharing information about themselves, this is the

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