The poor suffered powerlessness because they were poor, therefore they were placed at the bottom of the social ladder. They were automatically placed at the bottom of the social ladder and were referred to as “sinners” because they were uneducated and poor. They were led to believe that they were inferior and were possessed like property that could be acquired, used , and disposed of the politics of the moment required. 3. Would you describe this society as a power-over or power-with society?
The main criticism of these schemes is the fact that the money which is supposedly meant to aid the poorest people in the country who are most in need is actually diverted to those who are richer instead. This is apparent through some of the major failures of the structural adjustment programmes which are loans lent to countries that are in extremely desperate situations. Benin for example, has endured severe economic instability, partly due to the SAP provided to the country as it encouraged them to export the raw materials they had instead of manufacturing them. This essentially prevented the country from developing its economy as ultimately jobs were provided in manufacturing elsewhere. This loan led to a widening in the gap between the rich and the poor which became increasingly apparent due to Benin accepting the SAP.
One of my main takeaways from this topic is that money isn’t the best motivator. According to Mayo’s Hawthorne effect, employees feel more motivated when their efforts are recognized, and this can be achieved through bonuses for example. However, this can increase individualism as employees will focus on outperforming their peers. Intrinsic motivation helps create loyal employees who are more satisfied on a personal level. An example of this could be social security benefits.
In this theory, there is almost always a struggle for power with the wealthy usually winning while the poor loose and therefore have less resources. The idea that the rich get richer and the poor get poorer due to oppression by the rich. Karl Marx is associated with conflict theory. 2. Sociologists use two levels of analysis.
Bourgeoisie are the "Goliaths" in society who often bully their wishes into outcomes. The Proletariat are the common working class, lower class, and poor members of society. According to Marx the Bourgeoisie and Proletariat cannot both have it their way and in order to offset the wealth and power of the Bourgeoisie the proletariat often rise up and revolt against their oppressors. The Conflict Theory has been repeatedly tested against scientifically derived data and it repeatedly proves to have a wide
Economic Advisement Paper ECO372 Economic Advisement Paper In wake of the recent downturn of the Unites States economy many major elements in the economy have suffered. Unemployment rates are still at unsatisfactory levels, expectations remain low among consumers, and consumer income is also lower than satisfactory. Although, current interest rates remain low it is believed that more needs to be done to ensure an economic rebound remains within grasp. The following represents recommended changes needed to ensure United States Citizens do not suffer more than they already have. The economy is considered to be very unstable at the current time, and it is the duty of the United States government to do everything in their power to once again stabilize the once booming economy for the sake of the entire country and its citizens.
It exists in ways such as employment and education. Racism serves the interests of the capitalist or employer class by dividing workers by their skin and ethnicity, reducing their potential unity and power. Economic inequalities can reduce life expectancy and a variety of negative physical and mental
Innovation impacts the cost of production as well. Even the innovation helps in lowering the cost of production and making economies more efficient – producing more outputs with the same number of inputs. Technology affects market structure. In today’s market world, technology advances more rapidly because individuals gain incentives, in the form of profits, to discover new and cheaper ways of doing things. Even the dynamic efficiency refers to a market’s ability to promote cost-reducing or product-enhancing technological change.
( Anna Quindlen, 317 ). “ The incomes of low- income families has declined as rent continues to rise”. ( National Low Income Housing Coalition, 2005 ). Housing assistance can make a difference between stable housing, or no housing at all. However, the demand for assisted housing exceeds the supply.
The origin of social disorganization theory can be traced to the work of Shaw and McKay, who concluded that disorganized areas marked by divergent values and transitional populations produce criminality. Strain theories view crime as resulting from the anger people experience over their inability to achieve legitimate social and economic success. These theories hold that most people share common values and beliefs but the ability to achieve them is differentiated throughout the social structure. The best known strain theory is Merton's, which describes what happens when people have inadequate means to satisfy their needs. Cultural deviance theories hold that a unique value system develops in lower class areas.