His person-centered approach to psychotherapy entailed an unconditional acceptance between client and counselor. And with all this said I still find it phenomenal that a therapist can listen to an individual without interrupting or judging and still assists in improving the individual by making them a person. Rogers felt that the role of the counselor, instructor or any other individual who was responsible for the developing personal maturity in another, was to help that person become fully-functional. He always started off with the client on the same level. The therapist does this by using techniques that keep the client active in conversation without making them feel as though they have been questioned.
This helps the individual to become aware of their behaviour and it teaches them appropriate ways of managing their own thoughts, without changing the situation itself. It is short term, as it brings faster results and is completed within a specific time period. CBT is problem focused and is structured, there is an agenda for each session, where the client is taught methods how they should behave in order to achieve their own goals. It focuses on the present and derived from experience or observation. CBT is collaborative and it is necessary to have a constructive and trusting relationship between the therapist and client.
(Joseph, 2003 p.304) PCT is client directed and doesn’t focus on problems or solutions. The belief in the efficacy of the therapy is that the client given complete acceptance, “prizing” them as unique individuals, will allow them to come to accept and prize themselves allowing self-actualisation to occur (Rogers, 1980, p.117). Self-actualisation in PCT is the idea that through “being” one with the client, with them feeling that they are really being heard and appreciated then they will be able to “listen” to their own inner reference leading them to being more fully whole person (Rogers, 1980, p.117). Core Concepts of PCT Psychological contact between client and counsellor must exist for therapy to take place. Incongruent client, they will be anxious or vulnerable showing discrepancy in actual events and their reality.
The humanistic approach is essentially positive as it identifies the basic goodness of the individual. Roger’s concept of person centred therapy was a result of his experiences with patients. Rogers argued that all humans strive to reach their potentials. Rogers built upon Maslow’s theory. To understand Rogers and the person centred approach it is useful to look at Maslow.
Understandably a counsellor may also experience a sense of personal familiarity, whilst counselling clients, but must remain emotionally detached at all times. Relating to clients, in a positive, open manner, encourages the client to disclose in a comfortable, confidential environment and provides the counsellor with the ideal setting in which to communicate in a supportive way. Using their own life experiences, a counsellor can demonstrate empathy, compassion and understanding without becoming personally involved in the counselling process. Becoming More Self-Aware Self-awareness is something that grows over a period of time and with exploration. Techniques, to access information about oneself, can be learned, and personal experiences can affect personal thoughts and feelings.
The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference and endeavours to communicate this experience to the client. 6. The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard is to a minimal degree achieved. No other conditions are necessary. If these six conditions exist, and continue over a period of time, this is sufficient.
ERT: “Enhanced Rogerian Therapy” Most helping professionals know that we can do a lot of good, and we can’t do any harm, through the application of Rogerian Counselling—also called Client-Centred, Person-Centred or Humanistic Counselling. This can be read about elsewhere in books by Carl Rogers and by advocates of his approach, but it basically consists of empathetically helping the client to gain as much clarity as possible about his current world-view
Briefly identify the nature of counselling and distinguish between counselling and the use of counselling skills. Counselling offers the client one to one time to discuss their issues Counselling is the direct involvement and relationship between a counsellor and the client with the purpose of supporting the client in meeting an acceptable outcome, or one which is accepted by the client as the best possible outcome for their situation. The environment should be quiet and free from disruptions/intrusions Helps the client to gain an insight into their behaviours, feelings and emotions Let the client talk, role of the counsellor is to listen and offer advice It helps the client to gain self-worth, self-esteem and self-confidence There are different types of counselling. These being Non-directive counselling such as o Psychodynamic counselling o Transpersonal counselling o Existential counselling o Personal construct counselling Transactional analysis counselling where the counsellor offers o 'permission' (for new messages about yourself and the world) o 'protection' (when changing behaviour and thoughts feels risky) o 'potency' (to deliver what he or she promised). Person-Centred Counselling is based on 3 essential attributes o Empathy (the ability to imagine oneself in another person's position) o Unconditional positive regard (warm, positive feelings, regardless of the person's behaviour) o Congruence (honesty and openness) Directive counselling o Rational-emotive behavioural counselling o CBT Counselling skills will include acute listening, affirmation of what is being said, and seeking feedback on and throughout the session.
Stating that the client was the expert and recognising that their condition improved when the counselling relationship was conducted on an even keel. This was in contrast to the predominantly psychodynamic approach generally used at that time. Rogers believed that all people were good and want to be the best that they can be, he stated that ‘each person is motivated by an actualising tendency, a force that drives a person (sic) to reach their maximum potential, physically, spiritually and emotionally. ‘ "Www.goodtherapy.org/person_centered." CounsellingResourcecom Library With the client as the expert and under the right conditions Rogers believed that they would discover solutions to their own problems.
Paraphrasing allows client to see that the counsellor is fully engaged and understand what they are saying. And the problem the client is experiencing. Not taking notes, and therefore fully engaging with the client, promotes rapport and a feeling of being listened to and. That the problem is understood. I found this technique to be extremely useful to stat the Initial senior with a absent.