The Yom Kippur War of 1973

2159 Words9 Pages
The Yom Kippur War of 1973 & the subsequent Oil Embargo Few countries can reflect on the fact that their right to be recognized as a formal state had to be earned through conflict, war and hardship. One such state is that of Israel who on the 14th of May, 1948 declared their independence; and who would one day later enter into what would essentially be more than a half-century of confrontations that included three major wars with most of the Arab World and two conflicts with Lebanon. Each of these confrontations was extensively documented with its own unique causes and consequences, and each of these would warrant its own essay. We can talk at length about how the war of 1948 proved to the Arab countries that Israel was a formidable adversary, or how the Six Day War of 1967 propagated the myth of Israel’s invincibility, or how the conflicts with Lebanon were justified in the wake of the attacks on Israeli soil and citizens by Hezbollah. But perhaps the most important of all these conflicts was the Arab-Israeli war of 1973, or the Yom Kippur war, especially from the Egyptian point of view. The reason is that no other conflict had as significant a role in shaping the politics of the region. After all, out of the three major wars that Israel engaged in against the Arab World, this was the first time that: the Arabs initiated attack; that they gained territory from Israel; that Israel’s impregnable defenses were penetrated and the first time that oil was successfully used as a political weapon by the oil producing Arab countries in the Arab-Israeli conflict. However, in order for us to comprehend the overall effect of the war, we must first understand what caused it. Causes of the War: During the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel gained control, amongst other territories, of the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights, which belonged to Egypt and Syria respectively.

More about The Yom Kippur War of 1973

Open Document