Hitler criticized the carving up of Europe by the "Big Four" (the US, UK, France and Italy), stating that the Germans were the "master race". While World War I and the Treaty of Versailles was just over a decade before his rise to power, it played a large role in the propaganda Hitler spread about in order to gain support from the people and influence them with his ideas. After World War I, Europe's economy was in a great recession. The US, in a post-war economic boom, had been sending aid to various European nations and the world economy was brought up by their economic success. The 1929 Great Depression in the States had a global impact, and most prominently on Germany.
The Depression, Nazi propaganda and the weaknesses of the Weimar government were all important reasons why Hitler came to power in 1933. This essay will argue that the Depression was the most important reason for why Hitler was appointed chancellor in 1933. It could be argued that the Deppression was the most important reason for why Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933. This is because the deppresion increased unemployment and a cut in unemployment benefit which meant that people wanted an extreme change in political leader. Due to the Depression making people want a drastic change in political party in ower there was an increase in communist support and as a result an increase in Nazi support because people were scared of communism and the Nazi's promised to deal with them.
Hitler would tell the country what they wanted to hear, one example was providing jobs as unemployment increased massively. He also became more popular after he led the campaign against the Young Plan; this reduced the reparations that they had to pay in 1929. All the actions that Hitler made boosted the electoral support for the Nazi party. To an even larger extent than the popularity of Hitler himself came the great depression in 1929 as a result of the Wall Street crash in the USA. The Nazi party took advantage of this in Germany, as the Weimar government weakened the Nazi party rose.
How important was the leadership of Adolf Hitler in the rise of the Nazis to power in Germany by 1933? The National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazis) came to power under the leadership of Adolf Hitler in January 1933. This followed four years of economic and political instability in Germany as a result of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and ensuing world depression. There are many reasons for the Nazi rise to power such as charismatic personality of their leader, the widespread appeal of their policies, their effective use of propaganda and modern electioneering strategies, and the success of their parliamentary organisation. One also needs to take into account the weaknesses of their democratic government of the Weimar Republic and its failure to deal with the problems of the day.
When the Wall Street Crash happened in America in the October of 1929, the German economy heavily reliant on the USA was hit hard, and was one of the reasons why support for the central migrated to either left or right wing parties, however a number of different factors also have to be to blame for the arrival of Hitler becoming Chancellor. The American loans from the Young and Dawes plan were recalled, and American bank investment dried out, causing businesses to shut down, and therefore the number of unemployed and homeless rising, and so trade slumped, and the German people relied on charity. The inadequacy of the government was highlighted at the time because of the economic downfall; the government, headed by Hindenburg, decided to: raise taxes, reduce the wages of public officials, and reduced the unemployment benefits, and although for the long term these were good moves, the German people were not happy. The Germans were interested in having a strong leader, Stresemann after the abolishion of the monarchy fitted that role, however after his death in 1929, the people were not satisfied by who Hindenburg’s choices of Chancellors. Hindenburg first appointed Karl von Papen as Chancellor, but then replaced him with Schleicher, the two Chancellors had relative short stays, and did not have a lot of support from the people.
There were many attributes that aided Hitler in his rise to power. Since the First World War in 1914 Germany’s government had been very unstable, and of course was not helped by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. Due to the reparations evoked by the treaty and the cost of war, Germany experienced hyperinflation that was only solved in 1924 with a series of loans from America. Just as Germany’s economy was improving the Wall Street crash occurred in 1929 where America requested repayment of all their loans. These events created the perfect conditions for a new radical party to rise to power: The Nazis.
In January 1933 Hitler became chancellor of Germany and Hitler and the Nazis wanted to consolidate their grip on power. Hitler and the Nazis were the biggest party in Germany but did not have a majority so Hitler used all the power he could to get what he wanted and he did so very successfully and by 1934, Hitler had declared himself as the Fuhrer of Germany. Hitler and the Nazis consolidated their grip on power by changing the law and constitution. This was very important for their aims because it gave Hitler a lot of power to rule how he wanted. Hitler tried to consolidate his power legally and probably the most important law Hitler and the Nazis changed was the passing of the enabling act in March 23rd 1933.
Hitler instead blamed many others, mainly the Wemiar and the Jews, this also gained popularity with the people of Germany. The treaty of Versailles also stipulated that Germany must demiliterize, resulting in alot of soliders without jobs. With large unemployment people are more likely to take more radical views as they get more desperate, Hitler used this to his advantage. The treaty of Versailles was a major cause to Hitlers rise to power. Another major cause that resulted in Hitlers rise to power was the Weimar democracy.
Likewise, both of the powers had to dismantle their colonies and ended their overseas and territorial empire. The war had demonstrated the European’s weakness and in the post war, uprisings happened especially in the East Asia that major aim was to achieve independence from the rule of the European. Economically, World War II boosted the United States economy. It ended their Great Depression. This was because there were an increase in their productions and employments in the production of war supplies.
When Hitler came to power in 1933, the Germany economy was in a desperate state and still reeling from the effects of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles and the 1929 Wall Street Crash. Hitler decided that a revival of the economy was a necessity in order to achieve his ideological aims for the future of Germany. He even stated that ‘the needs of the state, varying according to time and circumstances are the crucial factor’, and Hitler believed that Germany was a great state, and therefore needed a strong economy in order to achieve her potential, which arguably Hitler perceived, as world power. There were four basic aims for the economy. Firstly, Hitler wished to tackle the depression which Germany was suffering from, and to generate employment, as unemployment was close to six billion in 1930.